Nonpharmacological Strategies in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction.
Summary: This article discusses the use of exercise and dietary interventions for the treatment of patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).
Conclusion: In patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, treatment with exercise and dietary interventions is encouraging.
Patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) suffer from a high rate of cardiometabolic comorbidities with limited pharmaceutical therapies proven to improve clinical outcomes and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Nonpharmacologic therapies, such as exercise training and dietary interventions, are promising strategies for this population. The aim of this narrative review is to present a summary of the literature published to date and future directions related to the efficacy of nonpharmacologic, lifestyle-related therapies in HFpEF, with a focus on exercise training and dietary interventions.