Osteomalacia is softening of the bones. It most often occurs because of a problem with vitamin D, which helps your body absorb calcium. Your body needs calcium to maintain the strength and hardness of your bones.
In children, the condition is called rickets.
Vitamin D deficiency - osteomalacia; Calcium - osteomalacia
A lack of the proper amount of calcium in the blood can lead to weak and soft bones. Low blood calcium can be caused by low vitamin D level in the blood.
Vitamin D is absorbed from food or produced by the skin when exposed to sunlight. Lack of vitamin D produced by the skin may occur in people who:
You may not get enough vitamin D from your diet if you:
Other conditions that may cause osteomalacia include:
Symptoms may also occur due to low calcium level. These include:
Treatment may involve vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus supplements taken by mouth. People who cannot absorb nutrients well through the intestines may need larger doses of vitamin D and calcium. This includes people who have some types of weight loss surgery.
People with certain conditions may need regular blood tests to monitor blood levels of phosphorus and calcium.
Kathryn Dahir is an Endocrinologist in Nashville, Tennessee. Dr. Dahir has been practicing medicine for over 23 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Osteomalacia. She is also highly rated in 24 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Hypophosphatasia, Osteomalacia, Hypophosphatemia, and Rickets. She is board certified in Endocrinology and Internal Medicine and licensed to treat patients in Tennessee. Dr. Dahir is currently accepting new patients.
Karl Insogna is an Endocrinologist in New Haven, Connecticut. Dr. Insogna has been practicing medicine for over 46 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Osteomalacia. He is also highly rated in 13 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Hypophosphatemia, Hereditary Hypophosphatemic Rickets, Rickets, and Malnutrition. He is board certified in Endocrinology and licensed to treat patients in Connecticut. Dr. Insogna is currently accepting new patients.
Seiji Fukumoto is in Tokushima, Japan. Fukumoto is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Osteomalacia. He is also highly rated in 13 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Osteomalacia, Hypophosphatemia, Rickets, and Hereditary Hypophosphatemic Rickets.
Some people with vitamin deficiency disorders will get better within a few weeks. With treatment, healing should happen within 6 months.
Symptoms can return.
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of osteomalacia, or if you think that you may be at risk for this disorder.
Eating a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium and getting sufficient exposure to sunlight can help prevent osteomalacia due to vitamin D deficiency.
Bhan A, Rao AD, Bhadada SK, Rao SD. Rickets and osteomalacia. In Melmed S, Auchus RJ, Goldfine AB, Koenig RJ, Rosen CJ, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 31.
Chonchol M, Smogorzewski MJ, Stubbs JR, Yu ASL. Disorders of calcium homeostasis. In: Yu ASL, Chertow GM, Luyckx VA, Marsden PA, Skorecki K, Taal MW, eds. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 18.
Demay MB, Krane SM. Disorders of mineralization. In: Jameson JL, De Groot LJ, de Kretser DM, et al, eds. Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 71.
Weinstein RS. Osteomalacia and rickets. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 231.