Learn About Otopalatodigital Syndrome Type 1

What is the definition of Otopalatodigital Syndrome Type 1?

Otopalatodigital syndrome type 1 is a disorder primarily involving abnormalities in skeletal development. It is a member of a group of related conditions called otopalatodigital spectrum disorders, which also includes otopalatodigital syndrome type 2, frontometaphyseal dysplasia, Melnick-Needles syndrome, and terminal osseous dysplasia. In general, these disorders involve hearing loss caused by malformations in the tiny bones in the ears (ossicles), problems in the development of the roof of the mouth (palate), and skeletal abnormalities involving the fingers or toes (digits).

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What are the causes of Otopalatodigital Syndrome Type 1?

Otopalatodigital syndrome type 1 is caused by mutations in the FLNA gene. The FLNA gene provides instructions for producing the protein filamin A, which helps build the network of protein filaments (cytoskeleton) that gives structure to cells and allows them to change shape and move. Filamin A attaches (binds) to another protein called actin, and helps the actin to form the branching network of filaments that make up the cytoskeleton. Filamin A also links actin to many other proteins to perform various functions within the cell.

How prevalent is Otopalatodigital Syndrome Type 1?

Otopalatodigital syndrome type 1 is a rare disorder, affecting fewer than 1 in every 100,000 individuals. Its specific incidence is unknown.

Is Otopalatodigital Syndrome Type 1 an inherited disorder?

This condition is inherited in an X-linked pattern. A condition is considered X-linked if the mutated gene that causes the disorder is located on the X chromosome, one of the two sex chromosomes in each cell. In males, who have only one X chromosome, a mutation in the only copy of the gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the condition. In females, who have two copies of the X chromosome, one altered copy of the gene in each cell can lead to less severe features of the condition or may cause no signs or symptoms at all. A characteristic of X-linked inheritance is that fathers cannot pass X-linked traits to their sons.

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Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: July 01, 2020Published By: National Institutes of Health

What are the Latest Advances for Otopalatodigital Syndrome Type 1?
Non-vascularized toe phalanx transfer for correction of severe clinodactyly of the thumb in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome.
Summary: Non-vascularized toe phalanx transfer for correction of severe clinodactyly of the thumb in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome.
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