Learn About Parainfluenza Virus Type 3

What is the definition of Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

Parainfluenza refers to a group of viruses that lead to upper and lower respiratory infections.

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What are the alternative names for Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

Human parainfluenza virus; HPIVs

What are the causes of Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

There are four types of parainfluenza virus. They can all cause lower or upper respiratory infections in adults and children. The virus can cause croup, bronchiolitis, bronchitis and certain types of pneumonia.

The exact number of parainfluenza cases is unknown. The number is suspected to be very high. Infections are most common in fall and winter. Parainfluenza infections are most severe in infants and become less severe with age. By school age, most children have been exposed to the parainfluenza virus. Most adults have antibodies against parainfluenza, although they can get repeat infections.

What are the symptoms of Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

Symptoms vary depending on the type of infection. Cold-like symptoms consisting of a runny nose and mild cough are common. Life-threatening respiratory symptoms can be seen in young infants with bronchiolitis and those with weak immune system.

In general, symptoms may include:

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Chest pain, shortness of breath, wheezing
  • Cough or croup
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What are the current treatments for Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

There is no specific treatment for the viral infection. Certain treatments are available for the symptoms of croup and bronchiolitis to make breathing easier.

Who are the top Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
6
conditions

Center For Host Pathogen Interaction

Department Of Experimental Medicine 
Caserta, IT 

Matteo Porotto is in Caserta, Italy. Porotto is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Parainfluenza Virus Type 3. He is also highly rated in 6 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Parainfluenza Virus Type 3, Parainfluenza, Measles, and Croup.

Elite
Highly rated in
3
conditions

Key Laboratory Of Veterinary Biological Engineering And Technology

Yangzhou University 
Yangzhou, CN 22500

Jizong Li is in Yangzhou, China. Li is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Parainfluenza Virus Type 3. They are also highly rated in 3 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Parainfluenza Virus Type 3, Parainfluenza, Flu, and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome.

 
 
 
 
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Elite
Highly rated in
2
conditions

Key Laboratory Of Veterinary Biological Engineering And Technology

Key Laboratory For Veterinary Bio Product Engineering, Institute Of Veterinary Medicine, Jiangsu Academy Of Agricultural Sciences 
Nanjing, CN 21001

Wenliang Li is in Nanjing, China. Li is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Parainfluenza Virus Type 3. They are also highly rated in 2 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Parainfluenza Virus Type 3, Parainfluenza, Flu, and Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

Most infections in adults and older children are mild and recovery takes place without treatment, unless the person is very old or has an abnormal immune system. Medical intervention may be necessary if breathing difficulties develop.

What are the possible complications of Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

Secondary bacterial infections are the most common complication. Airway obstruction in croup and bronchiolitis can be severe and even life threatening, especially in younger children.

When should I contact a medical professional for Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

Call your provider if:

  • You or your child develops croup, wheezing, or any other type of breathing difficulty.
  • A child under 18 months develops any type of upper respiratory symptom.
How do I prevent Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?

There are no vaccines available for parainfluenza. A few preventive measures that may help include:

  • Avoid crowds to limit exposure during peak outbreaks.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Limit exposure to day care centers and nurseries, if possible.
What are the latest Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 Clinical Trials?
A Phase 1b, Randomized, Observer-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Ranging Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of mRNA-1653, a Combined Human Metapneumovirus (hMPV) and Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 (PIV3) Vaccine When Administered to Adults, and to Children 12 to 59 Months of Age With Serologic Evidence of Prior Exposure
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What are the Latest Advances for Parainfluenza Virus Type 3?
Prevalence of laboratory markers of human respiratory viruses in monkeys of Adler primate center.
A 48-Year-Old Previously Healthy Man Presenting with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), Negative Tests for SARS-CoV-2, and Positive Serology for Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 (PIV-3).
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Comparison of RNA synthesis initiation properties of non-segmented negative strand RNA virus polymerases.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : August 03, 2020
Published By : Denis Hadjiliadis, MD, MHS, Paul F. Harron Jr. Associate Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Ison MG. Parainfluenza viruses. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 156.

Weinberg GA, Edwards KM. Parainfluenza viral disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 339.

Welliver Sr RC. Parainfluenza viruses. In: Cherry JD, Harrison GJ, Kaplan SL, Steinbach WJ, Hotez PJ, eds. Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 179.