Learn About Peritonitis

What is the definition of Peritonitis?

Peritonitis is an inflammation (irritation) of the peritoneum. This is the thin tissue that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs.

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What are the alternative names for Peritonitis?

Acute abdomen; Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis; SBP; Cirrhosis - spontaneous peritonitis

What are the causes of Peritonitis?

Peritonitis is caused by a collection of blood, body fluids, or pus in the belly (abdomen).

One type is called spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SPP). It occurs in people with ascites. Ascites is the buildup of fluid in the space between the lining of the abdomen and the organs. This problem is found in people with long-term liver damage, certain cancers, and heart failure.

Peritonitis may be a result of other problems. This is known as secondary peritonitis. Problems that may lead to this type of peritonitis include:

  • Trauma or wounds to the belly
  • Ruptured appendix
  • Ruptured diverticula
  • Infection after any surgery in the belly
What are the symptoms of Peritonitis?

The belly is very painful or tender. The pain may become worse when the belly is touched or when you move.

Your belly may look or feel bloated. This is called abdominal distention.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Fever and chills
  • Passing little or no stools or gas
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Passing less urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
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What are the current treatments for Peritonitis?

The cause must be identified and treated right away. Treatment typically involves surgery and antibiotics.

Who are the top Peritonitis Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
4
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Division Of Nephrology

Faculty Of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University 
Bangkok, TH 

Talerngsak Kanjanabuch is in Bangkok, Thailand. Kanjanabuch is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Peritonitis. They are also highly rated in 4 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Secondary Peritonitis, Peritonitis, Chronic Kidney Disease, and Low Potassium Level.

Elite
Highly rated in
4
conditions

University Of Western Australia

Perth, WA, AU 

Neil Boudville is in Perth, Australia. Boudville is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Peritonitis. He is also highly rated in 4 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Secondary Peritonitis, Peritonitis, Chronic Kidney Disease, and Kidney Transplant.

 
 
 
 
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Elite
Highly rated in
5
conditions

University Of Toronto

Department Of Medicine, St. Michael's Hospital 
Toronto, ON, CA 

Jeffrey Perl is in Toronto, Canada. Perl is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Peritonitis. He is also highly rated in 5 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Secondary Peritonitis, Peritonitis, Chronic Kidney Disease, and Kidney Transplant.

What are the possible complications of Peritonitis?

Peritonitis can be life threatening and may cause complications. These depend on the type of peritonitis.

When should I contact a medical professional for Peritonitis?

Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if you have symptoms of peritonitis.

Peritoneal sample
Abdominal organs
What are the latest Peritonitis Clinical Trials?
Clinical Relevance of the Reverse Lipopolysaccharide Transport Pathway in Patients With Acute Peritonitis An Observational Prospective Study
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A Prospective Clinical Study to Assess the Clinical Utility of Turbidity With the CloudCath System in Patients Using In-Home Peritoneal Dialysis
What are the Latest Advances for Peritonitis?
Negative pressure wound therapy for managing the open abdomen in non-trauma patients.
Gallbladder-preserving polypectomy for gallbladder polyp by embryonic-natural orifice transumbilical endoscopic surgery with a gastric endoscopy.
Tired of the same old research?
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A Strategy of Treatment for Perforated Gastric Cancer.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : March 05, 2020
Published By : Debra G. Wechter, MD, FACS, general surgery practice specializing in breast cancer, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Bush LM, Levison ME. Peritonitis and intraperitoneal abscesses. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 74.

Kuemmerle JF. Inflammatory and anatomic diseases of the intestine, peritoneum, mesentery, and omentum. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 133.