Alternative uses of ustekinumab for non-indicated dermatological conditions: a systematic review.
Summary: The study researched the use of ustekinumab for treating dermatological conditions.
Conclusion: Ustekinumab can be beneficial for treating dermatological conditions.
Ustekinumab is approved for the treatment of psoriasis and Crohn's disease. Because many dermatological conditions are due to immune-mediated development, ustekinumab may be effective in other conditions. A systematic review of the off-label uses of ustekinumab, as well as on-label adverse effect, was performed, reporting on clinical improvement. MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies regarding ustekinumab treatment of rativa (HS), lichen planus (LP), pyoderma gangrenosum (PG), pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP), cutalopecia areata (AA), atopic dermatitis (AD), Bechet's disease, bullous pemphigoid (BP), hidradenitis suppuaneous sarcoidosis, cutaneous systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and vitiligo. Descriptive statistics were performed. 74 articles of 4596 screened were included, and reported on 212 patients receiving ustekinumab treatment. Across all studies, ustekinumab showed promise in treating patients: AA (10/12 patients; 83.3% improvement), AD (28/74 patients; 37.8% improvement), HS (42/52 patients; 80.8% improvement), and PRP (25/27 patients; 92.6% improvement), among others. Adverse events were noted with the use of ustekinumab, including development of AA (four patients), AD (three patients), and BP (four patients), among others. Ustekinumab can be a promising option for patients with dermatological conditions refractory to traditional therapies. Adverse events must be monitored in certain patients.