Palmoplantar dermatoses in children.

Journal: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, Und Verwandte Gebiete

Dermatoses of the hands and feet cover a wide range of skin diseases that can occur in children and adolescents and are a frequent question in dermatological practice. Our synopsis of the most important differential diagnoses and their treatment is intended to provide better orientation for daily practice. A precise and detailed history is essential to establish a diagnosis, followed by clinical examination and specific examination methods. Cutaneous infection should always be excluded, as they occur very frequently. Impetigo, punctate keratolysis, blistering distal dactylitis, tinea manuum and pedum, hand-foot-mouth disease, herpes simplex digitalis and verrucae vulgaris as well as scabies are often found in the palmoplantar area and typically affect children and adolescents. In case of allergic contact dermatitis and dyshidrotic eczema, atopic diathesis in the medical history is of importance. However, we must not miss rare causes. Palmoplantar keratoses, for example, can be due to inflammatory dermatoses like pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) or may, as well as blistering diseases, result from hereditary disorders. Specialised centers can perform molecular genetic diagnosis and enhance patient care.

M Knop, Alelq, E Kubieniec, Giehl

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