Breast Reconstruction in Poland Syndrome Patients with Latissimus Dorsi Myo Flap and Implant: An Efficient Endoscopic Approach Using Single Transverse Axillary Incision.
Summary: This study introduced an efficient endoscopic technique to perform breast reconstruction in patients with Poland syndrome (genetic disorder) with a latissimus dorsi myo flap and an implant using a single transverse axillary incision (ELDM?+?IMPLANT) and evaluated its safety and effectiveness.
Conclusion: The proposed latissimus dorsi myo flap and an implant using a single transverse axillary incision technique provides a safe and efficient way to reconstruct breasts in patients with Poland syndrome (genetic disorder) with a high satisfaction rate, optimized aesthetic outcome, and minimized donor site morbidity.
Background: Breast hypoplasia or amastia with pectoralis major muscle defect in female Poland syndrome patients always necessitates surgical intervention. This study aims to introduce an efficient endoscopic technique to perform breast reconstruction in Poland syndrome patients with a latissimus dorsi myo flap and an implant using a single transverse axillary incision (ELDM + IMPLANT) and to evaluate its safety and effectiveness.
Methods: A prospective study was designed to recruit Poland syndrome candidates for ELDM + IMPLANT breast reconstruction. Only one transaxillary incision was made to harvest the LDM flap and create the anterior chest wall pocket. The LDM flap was transposed to the front to reconstruct the breast with a silicone implant. Patient demographics, LDM area, implant size, contralateral symmetry surgery, operative time and post-operative complications were collected. The BREAST-Q reconstruction module was used to evaluate patient quality of life. The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) outcome questionnaire was used to evaluate patient upper extremity disabilities.
Results: Sixteen eligible patients were recruited and received ELDM + IMPLANT-BR. Mean endoscopic time for LDM flap harvesting was 61.6 min. All of the 16 patients recovered uneventfully without any significant complications. The post-operative scores of satisfaction with breast and psychosocial well-being were significantly higher than the pre-operative ones. The score of DASH was 7.1 pre-operatively and 8.3 post-operatively with no significant difference either. The score of satisfaction with outcome was 80.0.
Conclusions: Our proposed ELDM + IMPLANT technique provides a safe and efficient way to reconstruct breasts in Poland syndrome patients with a high satisfaction rate, optimized aesthetic outcome and minimized donor site morbidity. Level of evidence iv: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .