Learn About Posterior Fossa Tumor

What is the definition of Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Posterior fossa tumor is a type of brain tumor located in or near the bottom of the skull.

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What are the alternative names for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Infratentorial brain tumors; Brainstem glioma; Cerebellar tumor

What are the causes of Posterior Fossa Tumor?

The posterior fossa is a small space in the skull, found near the brainstem and cerebellum. The cerebellum is the part of the brain responsible for balance and coordinated movements. The brainstem is responsible for controlling vital body functions, such as breathing.

If a tumor grows in the area of the posterior fossa, it can block the flow of spinal fluid and cause increased pressure on the brain and spinal cord.

Most tumors of the posterior fossa are primary brain cancers. They start in the brain, rather than spreading from somewhere else in the body.

Posterior fossa tumors have no known causes or risk factors.

What are the symptoms of Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Symptoms occur very early with posterior fossa tumors and may include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Imbalance
  • Nausea
  • Uncoordinated walk (ataxia)
  • Vomiting

Symptoms from posterior fossa tumors also occur when the tumor damages local structures, such as the cranial nerves. Symptoms of cranial nerve damage include:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Eye problems
  • Face muscle weakness
  • Hearing loss
  • Loss of feeling in part of the face
  • Taste problems
  • Unsteadiness when walking
  • Vision problems
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What are the current treatments for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Most tumors of the posterior fossa are removed with surgery, even if they are not cancerous. There is limited space in the posterior fossa, and the tumor can easily press on delicate structures if it grows.

Depending on the type and size of the tumor, radiation treatment may also be used after surgery.

Who are the top Posterior Fossa Tumor Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
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Clinical Cooperation Unit Neuropathology

German Cancer Consortium For Translational Cancer Research, German Cancer Research Center 
Heidelberg, BW, DE 

Andrey Korshunov is in Heidelberg, Germany. Korshunov is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Posterior Fossa Tumor. He is also highly rated in 26 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Medulloblastoma, Embryonal Tumor with Multilayered Rosettes, Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor PNET, and Posterior Fossa Tumor.

Elite
Highly rated in
21
conditions
Pediatric Hematology Oncology
Hematology
Oncology

Burnet Campus

3333 Burnet Ave 
Cincinnati, OH 45229

Maryam Fouladi is a Pediatric Hematologist Oncology specialist and a Hematologist in Cincinnati, Ohio. Dr. Fouladi has been practicing medicine for over 31 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Posterior Fossa Tumor. She is also highly rated in 21 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Diffuse Midline Glioma H3 K27M-Mutant, Brain Stem Cancer, Posterior Fossa Tumor, and Glioma. She is licensed to treat patients in Ohio. Dr. Fouladi is currently accepting new patients.

 
 
 
 
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Elite
Highly rated in
23
conditions

Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Dei Tumori

Pediatric Oncology Unit 
Milan, IT 

Maura Massimino is in Milan, Italy. Massimino is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Posterior Fossa Tumor. She is also highly rated in 23 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Posterior Fossa Tumor, Medulloblastoma, Ependymoma, and Metastatic Brain Tumor.

What are the support groups for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

You can ease the stress of illness by joining a support group whose members share common experiences and problems.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

A good outlook depends on finding the cancer early. A total blockage in the flow of spinal fluid can be life threatening. If tumors are found early, surgery can lead to long-term survival.

What are the possible complications of Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Complications may include:

  • Cranial nerve palsies
  • Herniation
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Increased intracranial pressure
When should I contact a medical professional for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Call your health care provider if you have regular headaches that occur with nausea, vomiting, or vision changes.

What are the latest Posterior Fossa Tumor Clinical Trials?
Infusion of Panobinostat (MTX110) Into the Fourth Ventricle or Tumor Resection Cavity in Children and Adults With Recurrent Medulloblastoma: A Pilot Study
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Phase 1 Trial of Marizomib Alone and in Combination With Panobinostat for Children With Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma
What are the Latest Advances for Posterior Fossa Tumor?
Nimotuzumab as Additional Therapy for GLIOMA in Pediatric and Adolescent: A Systematic Review.
Isolated facial diplegia as an atypical variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome after suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection
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What Happens after Therapy? Quality of Life and Neurocognitive Functions of Children with Malignant Posterior Fossa Tumors after Adjuvant Therapy.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : February 06, 2020
Published By : Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Arriaga MA, Brackmann DE. Neoplasms of the posterior fossa. In: Flint PW, Francis HW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 179.

Dorsey JF, Salinas RD, Dang M, et al. Cancer of the central nervous system. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Kastan MB, Doroshow JH, Tepper JE, eds. Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 63.

Zaky W, Ater JL, Khatua S. Brain tumors in childhood. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 524.

What are some Advocacy Organizations?
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Keep Punching supports patients, healthcare providers, and researchers in their fight to prevent and eradicate brain cancer and minimize treatment-related side effects that may adversely impact function and comfort.