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Effects of bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's disease with and without REM sleep behaviour disorder.

Treatment Used: Bilateral Stimulation of the Subthalamic Nucleus
Number of Patients: 50
MediFind Summary

Overview: The study researched the safety and effectiveness of bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus for patients with Parkinson's disease with and without REM sleep behavior disorder.

Conclusion: Regarding depressive symptoms, apathy and activities of daily living, patients with Parkinson's disease with REM sleep behavior disorder show favorable outcomes.

Abstract

Background: Although rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with increased non-motor symptoms, its impact on the deep brain stimulation (DBS) outcome remains unclear. This is the first study to compare the post-DBS outcome between PD patients with RBD (PD-RBD+) and without (PD-RBD-).

Methods: We analysed data from PD patients who were treated with bilateral DBS in the nucleus subthalamicus. Assessments included night-polysomnography (only pre-DBS), and motor and non-motor assessments pre-DBS and post-DBS.

Results: Among 50 PD patients (29 males, mean age 62.5 years, 11.8 mean PD years), 24 (48%) had RBD. Pre-DBS, the two groups were equal in respect to sociodemographic features, disease duration and PD medications. A multivariate analysis showed that the clinical profile linked to motor, non-motor and quality of life features differed significantly between PD patients with and without RBD. The most discriminative elements were Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)-III, apathy and depression scores. Post-DBS, UPDRS-III, Epworth sleepiness scale and PD questionnaire improved significantly in both groups. UPDRS-II scores significantly improved in the PD-RBD+ group (-45%) but remained unchanged in the PD-RBD- group (-14%). The depression score improved significantly in the PD-RBD+ (-34%) and remained unchanged in the PD-RBD- group. The apathy score remained unchanged in the PD-RBD+ group but increased significantly in the PD-RBD- group (+33%).

Conclusion: While pre-DBS, PD patients with and without RBD showed different clinical profiles, post-DBS, the clinical profiles were comparable between the two groups. In respect to depressive symptoms, apathy and activities of daily living, PD-RBD+ patients show favourable post-DBS outcome. These findings highlight the importance of RBD assessment prior to DBS surgery.

Authors
Panagiotis Bargiotas, Ines Debove, Ioannis Bargiotas, Martin Lachenmayer, Maria Ntafouli, Nicolas Vayatis, Michael Schüpbach, Paul Krack, Claudio Bassetti

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