Overview: This study evaluated the effectiveness of prolonged-release (PR) melatonin for REM-sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD).
Conclusion: This study concluded that prolonged-release melatonin 4 mg did not reduce rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder patients with Parkinson's Disease.
Background: Melatonin may reduce REM-sleep behavior disorder (RBD) symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD), though robust clinical trials are lacking.
Objective: To assess the efficacy of prolonged-release (PR) melatonin for RBD in PD.
Methods: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial with an 8-week intervention and 4-week observation pre- and postintervention (ACTRN12613000648729). Thirty PD patients with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder were randomized to 4 mg of prolonged-release melatonin (Circadin) or matched placebo, ingested orally once-daily before bedtime. Primary outcome was the aggregate of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder incidents averaged over weeks 5 to 8 of treatment captured by a weekly diary. Data were included in a mixed-model analysis of variance (n = 15 per group).
Results: No differences between groups at the primary endpoint (3.4 events/week melatonin vs. 3.6 placebo; difference, 0.2; 95% confidence interval = -3.2 to 3.6; P = 0.92). Adverse events included mild headaches, fatigue, and morning sleepiness (n = 4 melatonin; n = 5 placebo).
Conclusion: Prolonged-release melatonin 4 mg did not reduce rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder in PD. © 2019 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.