Systematic review and Meta-analysis of efficacy and safety of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules in treatment of chronic sinusitis.

Journal: Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi = Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi = China Journal Of Chinese Materia Medica
Treatment Used: Biyuan Tongqiao Granules
Number of Patients: 7278
Published:
MediFind Summary

Summary: This review of the literature evaluated the safety and effectiveness of Biyuan Tongqiao granules for the treatment of patients with chronic sinusitis.

Conclusion: In patients with chronic sinusitis, treatment with Biyuan Tongqiao granules is safe and more effective.

Abstract

The present study conducted a systematic review and Meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules in the treatment of chronic sinusitis. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, and Web of Science were searched for randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules in the treatment of chronic sinusitis. The quality of the included RCTs was assessed according to the Cochrane risk-of-bias assessment tool and the final included trials underwent Meta-analysis with RevMan 5.4.1. Fifty-four RCTs were included, with a total sample size of 7 278 cases. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the clinical efficacy of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules alone or in combination in the experimental group in the treatment of chronic sinusitis was superior to that in the control group with conventional western medicine, Chinese medicinal preparations, or surgery only(RR=1.19, 95%CI[1.15, 1.24], P<0.000 01). The combined use of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules on the basis of the control group was superior to the control group in improving the main symptoms and signs of chronic sinusitis [RR_(nasal congestion)=1.33, 95%CI[1.21, 1.45], P<0.000 01, RR_(runny nose)=1.28, 95%CI[1.18, 1.40], P<0.000 01, RR_(turbinate congestion or swelling)=1.28, 95%CI[1.16, 1.41], P<0.000 01]. Biyuan Tongqiao Granules alone or in combination could effectively reduce the Snot-20 score, which was superior to the control group(MD=-2.94, 95%CI[-3.60,-2.28], P<0.000 01). Biyuan Tongqiao Granules alone and in combination could effectively reduce the VAS score, which was superior to the control group(MD_(total score)=-4.44, 95%CI[-6.05,-2.82], P<0.000 01; MD_(nasal congestion VAS score)=-0.99, 95%CI[-1.38,-0.60], P<0.000 01; MD_(runny nose VAS score)=-1.19, 95%CI[-1.62,-0.76], P<0.000 01; MD_(dysosmia VAS score)=-0.96, 95%CI[-1.26,-0.65], P<0.000 01; MD_(head and face pain VAS score)=-0.73, 95%CI[-0.98,-0.47], P<0.000 01). The combined use of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules could effectively reduce the sinus CT score and the Lund-Mackey score of the endoscopic mucosal morphology(MD_(sinus CT score)=-3.68, 95%CI[-5.47,-1.88], P<0.000 1, MD_(endoscopic mucosal morphology score)=-3.06, 95%CI[-5.53,-0.59], P=0.02). Compared with the control group with conventional western medicine, Chinese medicinal preparations, or surgery only, combined use of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules did not increase the occurrence of adverse reactions(RR=0.68, 95%CI[0.26, 1.77], P=0.43). As demonstrated by the existing evidence, Biyuan Tongqiao Granules can improve the clinical efficacy of chronic sinusitis, relieve the clinical symptoms and signs, and reduce the Snot-20 score, VAS score, and Lund-Mackey score, without inducing serious adverse reactions, indicating that Biyuan Tongqiao Granules alone or in combination are more effective and safe in the treatment of chronic sinusitis than conventional western medicine, Chinese medicinal preparations, or surgical treatment. Since the quality of the included trials was generally low, large-scale, high-quality, rigorous, multi-center, and blinded-designed RCTs that meet international standards should be adopted in the future to increase the strength and level of evidence.

Authors
Chang Tan, Li-dan Zhang, Ying-jie Zhi, Yan-ming Xie
Relevant Conditions

Sinusitis

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