Torticollis is a condition in which the neck muscles cause the head to turn or rotate to the side.
Spasmodic torticollis; Wry neck; Loxia; Cervical dystonia; Cock-robin deformity; Twisted neck; Grisel syndrome
Torticollis may be:
The condition may also occur without a known cause.
With torticollis present at birth, it may occur if:
Symptoms of torticollis include:
Treating torticollis that is present at birth involves stretching the shortened neck muscle. Passive stretching and positioning are used in infants and small children. In passive stretching, a device such as strap, a person, or something else is used to hold the body part in a certain position. These treatments are often successful, especially if they are started within 3 months of birth.
Surgery to correct the neck muscle may be done in the preschool years, if other treatment methods fail.
Torticollis that is caused by damage to the nervous system, spine, or muscles is treated by finding the cause of the disorder and treating it. Depending on the cause, treatment may include:
Joseph Jankovic is a Neurologist and a Psychiatrist in Houston, Texas. Dr. Jankovic has been practicing medicine for over 49 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Torticollis. He is also highly rated in 40 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Parkinson's Disease, Drug Induced Dyskinesia, Benign Essential Blepharospasm, and Torticollis. He is board certified in Neurology and licensed to treat patients in Texas. Dr. Jankovic is currently accepting new patients.
Cynthia Comella is a Neurologist in Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Comella has been practicing medicine for over 42 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Torticollis. She is also highly rated in 23 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Torticollis, Focal Dystonia, Drug Induced Dyskinesia, and Parkinson's Disease. She is licensed to treat patients in Illinois.
Aasef Shaikh is a Neurologist in Cleveland, Ohio. Dr. Shaikh has been practicing medicine for over 22 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Torticollis. He is also highly rated in 16 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Torticollis, Focal Dystonia, Drug Induced Dyskinesia, and Brown Syndrome. He is board certified in Neurology and licensed to treat patients in Ohio. Dr. Shaikh is currently accepting new patients.
The condition may be easier to treat in infants and children. If torticollis becomes chronic, numbness and tingling may develop due to pressure on the nerve roots in the neck.
Complications in children may include:
Complications in adults may include:
Call for an appointment with your provider if symptoms do not improve with treatment, or if new symptoms develop.
Torticollis that occurs after an injury or with illness may be serious. Seek medical help right away if this occurs.
While there is no known way to prevent this condition, early treatment may prevent it from getting worse.
Marcdante KJ, Kleigman RM. Spine. In: Marcdante KJ, Kleigman RM, eds. Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 202.
White KK, Bouchard M, Goldberg MJ. Common neonatal orthopedic conditions. In: Gleason CA, Juul SE, eds. Avery's Diseases of the Newborn. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 101.