Immune Checkpoint Inhibition as Primary Adjuvant Therapy for an IDH1-Mutant Anaplastic Astrocytoma in a Patient with CMMRD: A Case Report-Usage of Immune Checkpoint Inhibition in CMMRD.
Summary: This study presents a case of a patient with constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD), a rare autosomal recessive hereditary cancer syndrome, who underwent surgical resection of the cancer and then was treated with immune checkpoint inhibition.
Conclusion: This study concluded that the immune checkpoint inhibition therapy allowed the patient with constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) to remain stable with no evidence of progression 20 months after resection.
Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary cancer syndrome due to biallelic germline mutation involving one of the four DNA mismatch repair genes. Here we present a case of a young female with CMMRD, homozygous for the c.2002A>G mutation in the PMS2 gene. She developed an early stage adenocarcinoma of the colon at the age of 14. Surveillance MRI of the brain at age 18 resulted in the detection of an asymptomatic brain cancer. On resection, this was diagnosed as an anaplastic astrocytoma. Due to emerging literature suggesting benefit of immunotherapy in this patient population, she was treated with adjuvant dual immune checkpoint inhibition, avoiding radiation. The patient remains stable with no evidence of progression 20 months after resection. The patient's clinical course, as well as the rational for considering adjuvant immunotherapy in patients with CMMRD are discussed in this report.