Socio-demographic and Clinico-epidemiological Study of Scrub Typhus in A Tertiary Care Hospital of Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Journal: Mymensingh Medical Journal : MMJ

Scrub typhus is one of the leading causes of undifferentiated treatable febrile illness in Asia pacific region. It is grossly under diagnosed in many tropical countries of South Asia including Bangladesh, due to wide range of non-specific clinical presentations, low index of suspicion among clinicians, limited awareness and lack of accurate diagnostic facilities. This cross sectional observational study was conducted at department of Microbiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from March 2019 to February 2020 enrolling 113 diagnosed cases of scrub typhus by Immunochromatographic test (ICT) and / or Nested PCR to characterize the socio-demographic and clinico-epidemiological features of scrub typhus in Mymensingh area. Majority of the scrub typhus cases came from rural areas (63.83%) and there was a slight female predominance (52.21%). The young (32.74%) and the young-adult age group (28.31%) were mostly affected. Most of the scrub typhus cases were housewives (30.98%), followed by farmers (23.89%) and students (21.23%). All the enrolled cases presented with fever. Other findings were myalgia (76.10%), headache (56.63%), cough (30.97%), vomiting (12.38%) and Respiratory distress (9.73%). Typical eschar of scrub typhus was present only in 9(7.96%) cases and 4(3.53%) patients had rashes on their skin. Few cases (3.53%) had jaundice and 15.96% cases were anaemic. Oliguria (7.96%) and neck rigidity (1.76%) were also documented. Most of the Nested PCR positive scrub typhus cases were documented during late rainy season and beginning of winter months. Findings of the study may offer increased awareness about high burden of scrub typhus as well as heightened suspicion among clinicians for early diagnosis, timely treatment and prevention of complications.

S S Nila, K Paul, Kobayashi, A Nasreen, Ahmed, Ahmad, Haque, Khanam, Paul, Ara, Sultana, Rahman, Rahman, B Sayeed, Jannat
Relevant Conditions

Acute Pain, Headache, Jaundice, Typhus

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