Vaginal yeast infection is an infection of the vagina. It is most commonly due to the fungus Candida albicans.
Yeast infection - vagina; Vaginal candidiasis; Monilial vaginitis
Most women have a vaginal yeast infection at some time. Candida albicans is a common type of fungus. It is often found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract, and on the skin. Most of the time, it does not cause infection or symptoms.
Candida and the many other germs that normally live in the vagina keep each other in balance. Sometimes the number of candida increases. This leads to a yeast infection.
This can happen if:
A yeast infection is not spread through sexual contact. However, some men may develop symptoms after having sexual contact with an infected partner. These symptoms may include itching, rash or irritation of the penis.
Having many vaginal yeast infections may be a sign of other health problems. Other vaginal infections and discharges can be mistaken for a vaginal yeast infection.
Medicines to treat vaginal yeast infections are available as creams, ointments, vaginal tablets or suppositories and oral tablets. Most can be bought without needing to see your provider. If you do need to see your provider, you may wish to ask them about the use of boric acid for yeast infections.
Treating yourself at home is probably OK if:
Medicines you can buy yourself to treat a vaginal yeast infection are:
When using these medicines:
You doctor can also prescribe a pill that you only take by mouth once.
If your symptoms are worse or you get vaginal yeast infections often, you may need:
To help prevent and treat vaginal discharge:
Michail Lionakis is an Infectious Disease doctor in Chevy Chase, Maryland. Dr. Lionakis is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Vaginal Yeast Infection. He is also highly rated in 8 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Vaginal Yeast Infection, Primary Immunodeficiency, HIV/AIDS, and Familial Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis. He is licensed to treat patients in Maryland.
Jack Sobel is an Infectious Disease doctor in Detroit, Michigan. Dr. Sobel has been practicing medicine for over 57 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Vaginal Yeast Infection. He is also highly rated in 3 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Vaginal Yeast Infection, Trichomoniasis, Familial Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis, and Menopause. He is licensed to treat patients in Michigan. Dr. Sobel is currently accepting new patients.
Paul Nyirjesy is an Obstetrics and Gynecologist in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Nyirjesy has been practicing medicine for over 37 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Vaginal Yeast Infection. He is also highly rated in 10 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Vulvovaginitis, Vaginal Yeast Infection, Thrush, and Trichomoniasis. He is licensed to treat patients in Pennsylvania. Dr. Nyirjesy is currently accepting new patients.
Most of the time, symptoms go away completely with proper treatment.
A lot of scratching may cause the skin to crack, making you more likely to get a skin infection.
A woman may have diabetes or weak immune system (such as in HIV) if:
Call your provider if:
Published Date : July 13, 2021
Published By : John D. Jacobson, MD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
Dinulos JGH. Superficial fungal infections. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology: A Color Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 13.
Eckert LO, Lentz GM. Genital tract infections: vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, endometritis, and salpingitis. In: Gershenson DM, Lentz GM, Valea FA, Lobo RA, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 23.
Kauffman CA, Pappas PG. Candidiasis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 318.
Oquendo Del Toro HM, Hoefgen HR. Vulvovaginitis. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 564.