Learn About Acute Cystitis

What is the definition of Acute Cystitis?

Acute cystitis is an infection of the bladder or lower urinary tract. Acute means that the infection begins suddenly.

Save information for later
Sign Up
What are the alternative names for Acute Cystitis?

Uncomplicated urinary tract infection; UTI - acute cystitis; Acute bladder infection; Acute bacterial cystitis

What are the causes of Acute Cystitis?

Cystitis is caused by germs, most often bacteria. These germs enter the urethra and then the bladder and can cause an infection. The infection commonly develops in the bladder. It can also spread to the kidneys.

Most of the time, your body can get rid of these bacteria when you urinate. But, the bacteria can stick to the wall of the urethra or bladder, or grow so fast that some stay in the bladder.

Women tend to get infections more often than men. This happens because their urethra is shorter and closer to the anus. Women are more likely to get an infection after sexual intercourse. Using a diaphragm for birth control can also be a cause. Menopause also increases the risk for a urinary tract infection.

The following also increase your chances of having cystitis:

  • A tube called a urinary catheter inserted in your bladder
  • Blockage of the bladder or urethra
  • Diabetes
  • Enlarged prostate, narrowed urethra, or anything that blocks the flow of urine
  • Loss of bowel control (bowel incontinence)
  • Older age (most often in people who live in nursing homes)
  • Pregnancy
  • Problems fully emptying your bladder (urinary retention)
  • Procedures that involve the urinary tract
  • Staying still (immobile) for a long period of time (for example, when you are recovering from a hip fracture)

Most cases are caused by Escherichia coli (E coli). It is a type of bacteria found in the intestines.

What are the symptoms of Acute Cystitis?

The symptoms of a bladder infection include:

  • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • Strong or foul-smelling urine
  • Low fever (not everyone will have a fever)
  • Pain or burning with urination
  • Pressure or cramping in the lower middle abdomen or back
  • Strong need to urinate often, even right after the bladder has been emptied

Often in an older person, mental changes or confusion are the only signs of a possible infection.

Not sure about your diagnosis?
Check Your Symptoms
What are the current treatments for Acute Cystitis?

Antibiotics can be taken by mouth. These are most often given to stop the infection from spreading to the kidneys.

For a simple bladder infection, you will take antibiotics for 3 days (women) or 7 to 14 days (men). For a bladder infection with complications such as pregnancy, diabetes, or a mild kidney infection, you will most often take antibiotics for 7 to 14 days.

It is important that you finish all the antibiotics prescribed. Finish them even if you feel better before the end of your treatment. If you do not finish the antibiotics, you may develop an infection that is harder to treat.

Let your provider know if you are pregnant.

Your provider may prescribe medicines to ease discomfort. Phenazopyridine hydrochloride (Pyridium) is the most common of this type of drug. You will still need to take antibiotics.

Everyone with a bladder infection should drink plenty of water.

Some women have repeat bladder infections. Your provider may suggest treatments such as:

  • Taking a single dose of an antibiotic after sexual contact. These may prevent sexually transmitted infections.
  • Keeping a 3-day course of antibiotics. These will be given based on your symptoms.
  • Taking a single, daily dose of an antibiotic. This dose will prevent infections.

Over-the-counter products that increase acid in the urine, such as ascorbic acid or cranberry juice, may be recommended. These medicines lower the concentration of bacteria in the urine.

Follow-up may include urine cultures. These tests will make sure the bacterial infection is gone.

Lifestyle changes may help prevent some urinary tract infections.

Who are the top Acute Cystitis Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
2
conditions

Clinic For Urology

Hesse, DE 

Jakhongir Alidjanov is in Hesse, Germany. Alidjanov is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Acute Cystitis. They are also highly rated in 2 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Acute Cystitis, Urinary Tract Infection, Asymptomatic Bacteriuria, and Obstructive Uropathy.

Elite
Highly rated in
6
conditions

Technical University Of Munich

Straubing, DE 

Kurt Naber is in Straubing, Germany. Naber is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Acute Cystitis. He is also highly rated in 6 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Urinary Tract Infection, Acute Cystitis, Asymptomatic Bacteriuria, and Interstitial Nephritis.

 
 
 
 
Learn about our expert tiers
Learn more
Distinguished
Highly rated in
6
conditions
Obstetrics and Gynecology

Northwestern Medicine

Northwestern Medical Group - Women's Services

1000 N Westmoreland Rd 
Lake Forest, IL 60045

Margaret Mueller is an Obstetrics and Gynecologist in Lake Forest, Illinois. Dr. Mueller has been practicing medicine for over 14 years and is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Acute Cystitis. She is also highly rated in 6 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Urinary Incontinence, Acute Cystitis, Stress Urinary Incontinence, and Uterine Prolapse. She is licensed to treat patients in Illinois. Dr. Mueller is currently accepting new patients.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Acute Cystitis?

Most cases of cystitis are uncomfortable, but go away without complications after treatment.

When should I contact a medical professional for Acute Cystitis?

Call your provider if you:

  • Have symptoms of cystitis
  • Have already been diagnosed and symptoms get worse
  • Develop new symptoms such as fever, back pain, stomach pain, or vomiting
Female urinary tract
Male urinary tract
What are the latest Acute Cystitis Clinical Trials?
BeaRberry in the Treatment of Acute UncoMplIcated Cystitis (BRUMI)- Protocol of a Multicentre, Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial
Match to trials
Find the right clinical trials for you in under a minute
Get started
A Phase III, Randomized, Multicenter, Parallel-Group, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy Study in Adolescent and Adult Female Participants Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Gepotidacin to Nitrofurantoin in the Treatment of Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infection (Acute Cystitis)
What are the Latest Advances for Acute Cystitis?
The efficiency of combined regimens for the treatment of urinary tract infections in women using the herbal drug Canephron N.
Antiadhesive strategy for non-antibacterial prophylaxis of recurrent lower urinary tract infections.
Tired of the same old research?
Check Latest Advances
Phenazopyridine and fosfomycin for the acute cystitis treatment: results of multicenter randomized study.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : August 13, 2020
Published By : Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Cooper KL, Badalato GM, Rutman MP. Infections of the urinary tract. In: Partin AW, Dmochowski RR, Kavoussi LR, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 55.

Nicolle LE, Drekonja D. Approach to the patient with urinary tract infection. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 268.

Sobel JD, Brown P. Urinary tract infections. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 72.