Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is cancer that forms in the soft tissue of the body. Soft tissue connects, supports, or surrounds other body parts. In adults, STS is rare.
There are many different types of soft tissue cancers. The type of sarcoma depends on the tissue it forms in:
The cancer can form almost anywhere, but is most common in the:
STS; Leiomyosarcoma; Hemangiosarcoma; Kaposi's sarcoma; Lymphangiosarcoma; Synovial sarcoma; Neurofibrosarcoma; Liposarcoma; Fibrosarcoma; Malignant fibrous histiocytoma; Dermatofibrosarcoma; Angiosarcoma
It is not known what causes most sarcomas. But there are certain risk factors:
In early stages, there are often no symptoms. As the cancer grows, it may cause a lump or swelling that keeps growing over time. Most lumps are NOT cancer.
Other symptoms include:
Surgery is the most common treatment for STS.
You also may have radiation or chemotherapy:
Chemotherapy may be used to help kill cancer that has metastasized. This means it has spread to different areas of the body.
William Tap is a Hematologist Oncology doctor in New York, New York. Dr. Tap has been practicing medicine for over 22 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma. He is also highly rated in 34 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Leiomyosarcoma, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor, and Epithelioid Sarcoma. He is board certified in Hematology/oncology and Internal Medicine and licensed to treat patients in California and New York. Dr. Tap is currently accepting new patients.
Sandra Dangelo is an Oncologist in New York, New York. Dr. Dangelo has been practicing medicine for over 18 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma. She is also highly rated in 35 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Merkel Cell Carcinoma, Synovial Sarcoma, and Liposarcoma. She is board certified in Medical Oncology and licensed to treat patients in New York. Dr. Dangelo is currently accepting new patients.
Mrinal Gounder is an Oncologist in New York, New York. Dr. Gounder has been practicing medicine for over 18 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma. He is also highly rated in 31 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Epithelioid Sarcoma, Desmoid Tumor, and Liposarcoma. He is board certified in Medical Oncology and licensed to treat patients in New York and Illinois. Dr. Gounder is currently accepting new patients.
Cancer affects how you feel about yourself and your life. You can ease the stress of illness by joining a cancer support group. Sharing with others who have had the same experiences and problems can help you feel less alone.
Ask your provider to help you find a support group for people who have been diagnosed with STS.
The outlook for people whose cancer is treated early is very good. Most people who survive 5 years can expect to be cancer-free at 10 years.
Complications include side effects from surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.
See your provider about any lump that grows in size or is painful.
The cause of most STSs isn't known and there is no way to prevent it. Knowing your risk factors and telling your provider when you first notice symptoms can increase your chance of surviving this type of cancer.
Published Date : July 28, 2020
Published By : Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Editoria update 02/19/2021.
Contreras CM, Heslin MJ. Soft tissue sarcoma. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 31.
National Cancer Institute website. Adult soft tissue sarcoma treatment (PDQ) - health professional version. www.cancer.gov/types/soft-tissue-sarcoma/hp/adult-soft-tissue-treatment-pdq#section/all. Updated January 15, 2021. Accessed February19, 2021.
Van Tine BA. Sarcomas of soft tissue. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Kastan MB, Doroshow JH, Tepper JE, eds. Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 90.