What is the definition of ADULT Syndrome?
ADULT syndrome, also known as Acro-Dermato-Ungual-Lacrimal-Tooth syndrome, is a rare genetic autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia (abnormality of ectodermal tissues) caused by a TP63 mutation. In the human embryo, ectodermal tissues form many structures, including teeth, nails, hair, skin, fingers, and toes.
What are the symptoms for ADULT Syndrome?
Symptoms of ADULT syndrome include abnormalities of ectodermal tissue, such as hypodontia (absence of one or more teeth); nail and lacrimal (tear) duct abnormalities; conjunctivitis; light sensitivity; hypoplastic breasts (insufficient mammary glandular tissue); hypotrichosis (little or no hair growth); blonde or light hair, eyelashes, and eyebrows; lack of axillary (underarm) hair; dry or thin skin; dermatitis or eczema; excessive freckling; as well as ectrodactyly (an abnormality of fingers or toes, such as split hand or foot, or a lack of fingers or toes), lack of fingerprints, and syndactyly (fused fingers or toes).
What are the current treatments for ADULT Syndrome?
Treatment for ADULT syndrome requires a multidisciplinary team of specialists. Some deformities of the hands and feet may be treated with surgery, while dental treatment may include the use of dentures, dental implants, or bridges. Associated skin disorders, such as dry skin or eczema, may be treated with topical emollients. Abnormalities of the lacrimal (tear) ducts may require ophthalmological (eye) surgery.