Condition 101 About AIDS Dementia Complex

What is the definition of AIDS Dementia Complex?

AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) dementia complex, also known as HIV-associated dementia, is a chronic disorder of the mental processes, such as memory, thought, and reasoning, caused by late-stage HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) encephalopathy (brain infection).

What are the symptoms for AIDS Dementia Complex?

Symptoms of AIDS dementia complex include inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) and spinal column, memory loss, reduced ability to think clearly and focus, difficulty concentrating, apathy (lack of interest), and a gradual reduction and loss of coordination and motor skills.

What are the current treatments for AIDS Dementia Complex?

Treatment for AIDS dementia complex is individualized and may include antiretroviral therapy to decrease viral load, alcohol or drug abuse counseling and cessation, antidepressants, antipsychotics, stimulants, exercise, and daily activity therapy. Individuals with severe AIDS dementia complex may require a skilled home caregiver.

Latest Advances On AIDS Dementia Complex

  • Condition: People with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (PwALS)
  • Journal: Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation
  • Treatment Used: Lever Magnetic-Spring Mechanical Switch (LeMMS)
  • Number of Patients: 20
  • Published —
This study evaluated a a new sensor, the Lever Magnetic-spring Mechanical Switch (LeMMS), for scanning access based on the patient's interaction with a sensor (or switch) that intercepts even a weak body movement as a valid communication aid in people with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (PwALS).
  • Condition: HIV in Women
  • Journal: AIDS (London, England)
  • Treatment Used: Low-Dose Hydrocortisone
  • Number of Patients: 36
  • Published —
in this study, researchers evaluated the effects of a single pill of low-dose hydrocortisone when taken by women with HIV.

Clinical Trials For AIDS Dementia Complex

Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Phase: Phase 4
  • Intervention Type: Device
  • Participants: 250
  • Start Date: March 2016
Study of Nasal Brushing Collected OLFActory MUcosa Samples in the Diagnosis of Human Encephalopathies