What is the definition of Apoplexy?

Apoplexy is bleeding into an organ or loss of blood flow to an organ. For example,

  • Adrenal apoplexy --  bleeding into the adrenal glands
  • Pituitary apoplexy --  bleeding into the pituitary gland

Apoplexy refers to stroke symptoms that occur suddenly. Such symptoms occur due to bleeding into the brain. It can also occur by a blood clot in a brain blood vessel. Conditions such as subarachnoid hemorrhage or stroke are sometimes called apoplexy.

Functional apoplexy is when a person appears to be having stroke-like symptoms. However, there is no brain defect.

Endocrine glands


Goldstein LB. Approach to cerebrovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 378.

Thiessen MEW. Thyroid and adrenal disorders. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 120.

  • Condition: Stroke
  • Journal: Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
  • Treatment Used: Task-Specific Training (TST) after Cognitive Sensorimotor Exercise (CSE)
  • Number of Patients: 37
  • Published —
This study examined the effects of task-specific training (TST) combined with cognitive sensorimotor exercise (CSE) in patients with stroke.
  • Condition: Knee Extensor Tendon Stiffness in Hemiparetic Stroke Patients
  • Journal: Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
  • Treatment Used: Whole Body Vibration
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
This study evaluated the use of whole body vibration in patients with hemiparetic stroke with knee extensor tendon stiffness.
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Intervention Type: Diagnostic Test
  • Participants: 70
  • Start Date: December 25, 2020
Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Respiratory Muscles in Stroke Patients and Correlation With Pulmonary Function Tests
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Not yet recruiting
  • Participants: 4000
  • Start Date: September 20, 2021
Impact of COVID-19 on Unplanned Admissions for Acute Cardiovascular and Neurovascular Conditions in France