Condition 101 About Apoplexy

What is the definition of Apoplexy?

Apoplexy is bleeding into an organ or loss of blood flow to an organ. For example,

  • Adrenal apoplexy --  bleeding into the adrenal glands
  • Pituitary apoplexy --  bleeding into the pituitary gland

Apoplexy refers to stroke symptoms that occur suddenly. Such symptoms occur due to bleeding into the brain. It can also occur by a blood clot in a brain blood vessel. Conditions such as subarachnoid hemorrhage or stroke are sometimes called apoplexy.

Functional apoplexy is when a person appears to be having stroke-like symptoms. However, there is no brain defect.



Goldstein LB. Approach to cerebrovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 378.

Thiessen MEW. Thyroid and adrenal disorders. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 120.

Latest Advances On Apoplexy

  • Condition: Stable Atherosclerosis
  • Journal: Kardiologiia
  • Treatment Used: Rivaroxaban Alone vs Combined with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)
  • Number of Patients: NULL
  • Published —
This study evaluated the effectiveness of rivaroxaban alone versus combined with acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin; ASA) in the prevention of a non-cardioembolic (arterial) stroke for patients with stable atherosclerosis (hardening and narrowing of the arteries).
  • Condition: Type 2 Diabetes
  • Journal: Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
  • Treatment Used: Insulin Detemir and Insulin Glargine
  • Number of Patients: 322
  • Published —
The study researched the safety and effectiveness of insulin detemir and insulin glargine for treating type 2 diabetic patients with extremely atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risks.

Clinical Trials For Apoplexy

Clinical Trial
  • Status: Not yet recruiting
  • Phase: N/A
  • Intervention Type: Other
  • Participants: 36
  • Start Date: December 1, 2021
Comparison of Three Dimensional Virtual Reality Therapy and Motor Imaging in Functional Recovery of Upper Extremity After Stroke
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Not yet recruiting
  • Phase: Phase 1
  • Intervention Type: Device, Combination Product
  • Participants: 32
  • Start Date: July 1, 2021
Feasibility of Combination Exercise and Neuromodulation Rehabilitation to Improve Post-stroke Chronic Pain