Learn About Arterial Insufficiency

What is the definition of Arterial Insufficiency?

Arterial insufficiency is any condition that slows or stops the flow of blood through your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to other places in your body.

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What are the causes of Arterial Insufficiency?

One of the most common causes of arterial insufficiency is atherosclerosis or "hardening of the arteries." Fatty material (called plaque) builds up on the walls of your arteries. This causes them to become narrow and stiff. As a result, it is hard for blood to flow through your arteries.

Developmental process of atherosclerosis

Blood flow may be suddenly stopped due to a blood clot. Clots can form on the plaque or, less often travel from another place such as the heart or other artery (also called embolus).

What are the symptoms of Arterial Insufficiency?

Symptoms depend on where your arteries become narrowed:

  • If it affects your heart arteries, you may have chest pain (angina pectoris) or a heart attack.
  • If it affects your brain arteries, you may have a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke.
  • If it affects the arteries that bring blood to your legs, you may have frequent leg cramping when you walk.
  • If it affects the arteries in your belly area, you may have pain after you eat.
Arteries of the brain
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What are the latest Arterial Insufficiency Clinical Trials?
Low Intensity Shockwave Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction

Summary: Low-intensity shockwave therapy (LiSWT) has been deemed a safe and well-tolerated procedure but its efficacy for the treatment of ED is doubtful and deserves more investigation by the European Society of Sexual Medicine. In a similar manner, the Sexual Medicine Society of North America and American Urological Association have put forth guideline statements recommending additional investigation of ...

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Immediate and Short Term Efficacy of Low Intensity Shock Wave Therapy in the Management of Erectile Dysfunction Due to Mild - Moderate Cavernous Arterial Insufficiency

Summary: Researchers are evaluating the efficacy of low intensity shockwave therapy (LISWT) via MoreNova in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED).

What are the Latest Advances for Arterial Insufficiency?
Radio wave electrotherapy with a radiofrequency of 448 khz for the treatment of patients with organic erectile dysfunction: a prospective, randomized, blind, Sham-controlled, parallel-group study.
Towards Characterization of the Complex and Frequency-dependent Arterial Compliance based on Fractional-order Capacitor.
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Vascular pythiosis caused by Pythium aphanidermatum: the first case report in Asia.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: November 05, 2021
Published By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Goodney PP. Clinical evaluation of the arterial system. In: Sidawy AN, Perler BA, eds. Rutherford's Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 18.

Libby P. The vascular biology of atherosclerosis. In: Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann, DL, Tomaselli GF, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 44.