Asperger's Syndrome

Condition 101

What is the definition of Asperger's Syndrome?

Asperger syndrome is part of the autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a group of disorders that affects the development of social and communication skills. Unlike many children with ASD, children with Asperger syndrome do not have early language delays, and often have well develop ...

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What are the alternative names for Asperger's Syndrome?

  • Asperger disorder

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Asperger's Syndrome?

With behavioral and educational assistance, people with Asperger syndrome can learn ways to manage their symptoms. In some cases, adults may do so well, they no longer meet the criteria for being diagnosed with Asperger syndrome. However, many people continue to struggle with social interactions and relationships throughout adulthood. This is especially true if the person has one or more mental health disorders in addition to Asperger syndrome. While some adults with Asperger syndrome may continue to need support with meeting demands of everyday living, many are able to find employment, develop social relationships, and/or live independently.

Is Asperger's Syndrome an inherited disorder?

Asperger syndrome, like all autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), has a strong genetic basis, however the way it runs in families is complex. Doctors believe this is because although a baby may inherit a genetic change that increases their risk for developing Asperger syndrome (genetic predisposition), other factors in the environment are involved in the development and course of the syndrome. 

There are many different genes that are believed to be associated with an increased risk for developing Asperger syndrome and the search continues for more. Scientists are also working to better understand of how variations in different genes may influence this risk and which environmental factors may be important. Therefore, to get the most current information, people with specific questions about genetic risks to themselves or family members are encouraged to speak with a genetic counselor or other genetics professional.

Latest Research

Latest Advance
  • Condition: Asperger's Syndrome
  • Journal: La Clinica terapeutica
  • Treatment Used: Occupational Therapy
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
In this review of the literature, researchers evaluated the effectiveness of occupational therapy for children with Asperger's syndrome.
Latest Advance
  • Condition: Autism
  • Journal: Brain : a journal of neurology
  • Treatment Used: Oxytocin
  • Number of Patients: 114
  • Published —
The purpose of the study was to assess the efficacy of repeated administration of oxytocin for autism spectrum disorder.
Latest Advance
  • Condition: Asperger syndrome
  • Journal: Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics
  • Treatment Used: Integrated sandplay therapy
  • Number of Patients: 44
  • Published —
This study evaluated the effect of integrated sandplay therapy in preschool children with Asperger syndrome.

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Study Type: Procedure
  • Participants: 100
  • Start Date: October 24, 2018
Alzheimer's Autism and Cognitive Impairment Stem Cell Treatment Study
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Participants: 100
  • Start Date: August 1, 2018
Studies of Brain and Body Interaction at Rutgers University
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Study Type: Behavioral
  • Participants: 100
  • Start Date: June 1, 2015
Cognitive Enhancement Therapy for Adult Autism Spectrum Disorder