Learn About Bladder Stones

What is the definition of Bladder Stones?

Bladder stones are hard buildups of minerals. These form in the urinary bladder.

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What are the alternative names for Bladder Stones?

Stones - bladder; Urinary tract stones; Bladder calculi

What are the causes of Bladder Stones?

Bladder stones are most often caused by another urinary system problem, such as:

  • Bladder diverticulum
  • Blockage at the base of the bladder
  • Enlarged prostate (BPH)
  • Neurogenic bladder
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  • Foreign objects in the bladder

Almost all bladder stones occur in men. Bladder stones are much less common than kidney stones.

Bladder stones may occur when urine in the bladder is concentrated. Materials in the urine form crystals. These may also result from foreign objects in the bladder.

What are the symptoms of Bladder Stones?

Symptoms occur when the stone irritates the lining of the bladder. The stones may also block the flow of urine from the bladder.

Symptoms can include:

  • Abdominal pain, pressure
  • Abnormally colored or dark-colored urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Inability to urinate except in certain positions
  • Interruption of the urine stream
  • Pain, discomfort in the penis
  • Signs of UTI (such as fever, pain when urinating, and need to urinate often)

Loss of urine control may also occur with bladder stones.

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What are the current treatments for Bladder Stones?

You may be able to help small stones pass on their own. Drinking 6 to 8 glasses of water or more per day will increase urination.

Your provider may remove stones that do not pass using a cystoscope. A small telescope will be passed through the urethra into the bladder. A laser or other device will be used to break up the stones and the pieces will be removed. Some stones may need to be removed using open surgery.

Drugs are rarely used to dissolve the stones.

Causes of bladder stones should be treated. Most commonly, bladder stones are seen with BPH or blockage at the base of the bladder. You may need surgery to remove the inside part of the prostate or to repair the bladder.

Who are the top Bladder Stones Local Doctors?
Highly rated in

Faculty Practice Associates

New York, NY 

Mantu Gupta is an Urologist in New York, New York. Dr. Gupta has been practicing medicine for over 33 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Bladder Stones. He is also highly rated in 25 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Bladder Stones, Kidney Stones, Hydronephrosis, and UPJ Obstruction. He is board certified in Urology and licensed to treat patients in New York.

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Southport And Formby District General Hospital

Leeds, ENG, GB 

Subramanian Vaidyanathan is in Leeds, United Kingdom. Vaidyanathan is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Bladder Stones. They are also highly rated in 8 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Bilateral Hydronephrosis, Autonomic Dysreflexia, Bladder Stones, and Hydronephrosis.

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Highly rated in

Northwestern Medicine Urology

Chicago, IL 

Amy Krambeck is an Urologist in Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Krambeck has been practicing medicine for over 20 years and is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Bladder Stones. She is also highly rated in 19 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Kidney Stones, Enlarged Prostate, Urinary Tract Infection, and Bladder Stones. She is board certified in Urology and licensed to treat patients in Minnesota and Illinois. Dr. Krambeck is currently accepting new patients.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Bladder Stones?

Most bladder stones pass on their own or can be removed. They do not cause permanent damage to the bladder. They may come back if the cause is not corrected.

Left untreated, stones may cause repeated UTIs. This can also cause permanent damage to the bladder or kidneys.

When should I contact a medical professional for Bladder Stones?

Call your provider if you have symptoms of bladder stones.

How do I prevent Bladder Stones?

Prompt treatment of a UTI or other urinary tract conditions may help prevent bladder stones.

Female urinary tract
Male urinary tract
What are the latest Bladder Stones Clinical Trials?
Holmium Laser Xpeeda Vaporesection Versus Greenlight XPS Vaporization of the Prostate for Benign Prostatic Obstruction: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Study
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A Scoring System for Laparoscopic Cholycystectomy to Pick up Difficult Cases
What are the Latest Advances for Bladder Stones?
Neglected double-J stent with giant bladder stone: a case report.
Romanian National premiere with the new Thulium SuperPulsed Laser in the endourological treatment of urolithiasis.
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Case report of life-threatening complications following cystectomy in a woman with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction treated with indwelling bladder catheter for about 30 years.
What are our references for Bladder Stones?

Ganpule AP, Desai MR. Lower urinary tract calculi. In: Partin AW, Dmochowski RR, Kavoussi LR, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 95.

Germann CA, Holmes JA. Selected urologic disorders. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 89.