Learn About Bone Tumor

What is the definition of Bone Tumor?

A bone tumor is an abnormal growth of cells within a bone. A bone tumor may be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign).

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What are the alternative names for Bone Tumor?

Tumor - bone; Bone cancer; Primary bone tumor; Secondary bone tumor; Bone tumor - benign

What are the causes of Bone Tumor?

The cause of bone tumors is unknown. They often occur in areas of the bone that grow rapidly. Possible causes include:

  • Genetic defects passed down through families
  • Radiation
  • Injury

In most cases, no specific cause is found.

Osteochondromas are the most common noncancerous (benign) bone tumors. They occur most often in young people between the ages of 10 and 20.

Cancers that start in the bones are called primary bone tumors. Bone cancers that start in another part of the body (such as the breast, lungs, or colon) are called secondary or metastatic bone tumors. They behave very differently from primary bone tumors.

Cancerous primary bone tumors include:

  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Osteosarcomas

Cancers that most often spread to the bone are cancers of the:

  • Breast
  • Kidney
  • Lung
  • Prostate
  • Thyroid

These forms of cancer usually affect older people.

Bone cancer is more common in people who have a family history of cancers.

What are the symptoms of Bone Tumor?

Symptoms of bone tumor may include any of the following:

  • Bone fracture, especially from slight injury (trauma)
  • Bone pain, may be worse at night
  • Occasionally a mass and swelling can be felt at the tumor site

Some benign tumors have no symptoms.

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What are the current treatments for Bone Tumor?

Some benign bone tumors go away on their own and do not need treatment. Your provider will closely monitor you. You will likely need regular imaging tests, such as x-rays, to see if the tumor shrinks or grows.

Surgery may be needed to remove the tumor in some cases.

Treatment for cancerous bone tumors that have spread from other parts of the body depends on where the cancer started. Radiation therapy may be given to prevent fractures or to relieve pain. Chemotherapy may be used to prevent fractures or the need for surgery or radiation.

Tumors that start in the bone are rare. After biopsy, a combination of chemotherapy and surgery is usually necessary. Radiation therapy may be needed before or after surgery.

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What are the support groups for Bone Tumor?

You can ease the stress of illness by joining a cancer support group. Sharing with others who have common experiences and problems can help you not feel alone.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Bone Tumor?

How well you do depends on the type of bone tumor.

Outcome is usually good in people with noncancerous (benign) tumors. But some benign bone tumors can turn into cancer.

People with cancerous bone tumors that have not spread may be cured. The cure rate depends on the type of cancer, location, size, and other factors. Talk to your provider about your particular cancer.

What are the possible complications of Bone Tumor?

Problems that may result from the tumor or treatment include:

  • Pain
  • Reduced function, depending on the tumor
  • Side effects of chemotherapy
  • Spread of the cancer to other nearby tissues (metastasis)
When should I contact a medical professional for Bone Tumor?

Call your provider if you have symptoms of a bone tumor.

Osteogenic sarcoma - X-ray
Ewing sarcoma - X-ray
What are the latest Bone Tumor Clinical Trials?
Fusion With the Neo Pedicle Screw and Cage Systems: A Post Market Clinical Follow-up Study

Summary: The objectives of this clinical observational study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy (performance) of the Neo Pedicle Screw System™ and the Neo Cage System™ interbody fusion device. To demonstrate non-inferiority of safety and function to an historical control from the published medical literature on competitive devices.

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Phase 2 Study of the MEK Inhibitor MEKTOVI® (Binimetinib) for the Treatment of Pediatric Adamantinomatous Craniopharyngioma

Summary: MEKTOVI (binimetinib) is an oral, highly selective reversible inhibitor of mitogen-activated extracellular signal regulated kinase 1 (MEK1) and MEK2. The biological activity of binimetinib that has been evaluated bith in vitro and in vivo in a wide variety of tumor types In this Phase II, the drug will be used to treat pediatric patients diagnosed with recurrent Adamantinomatous Craniopharyngioma ...

What are the Latest Advances for Bone Tumor?
Intralesional curettage and cementation of low-grade chondrosarcomas of the appendicular skeleton: Long-term results from a single center.
Cisplatin versus gemcitabine as concurrent chemoradiotherapy in squamous cell carcinoma cervix: A comparative study of clinical response and toxicities.
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Refractory paraneoplastic hypercalcaemia responding to cinacalcet.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: January 25, 2022
Published By: Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Heck RK, Toy PC. Malignant tumors of bone. In: Azar FM, Beaty JH, eds. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 27.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network website. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology (NCCN guidelines): Bone cancer. Version 2.2022. www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/bone.pdf. Updated October 8, 2021. Accessed June 9, 2022.

Reith JD. Bone and joints. In: Goldblum JR, Lamps LW, McKenney JK, Myers JL, eds. Rosai and Ackerman's Surgical Pathology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 40.

Toy PC, Heck RK  Benign bone tumors and nonneoplastic conditions simulating bone tumors. In: Azar FM, Beaty JH, eds. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 25.