What is the definition of Brown-Sequard Syndrome?
Brown-Sequard syndrome is a rare neurological condition that results from an injury or damage to one side of the spinal cord. This condition results in weakness or paralysis on one side of the body (hemiparaplegia) and a loss of sensation on the opposite side (hemianesthesia). Brown-Sequard syndrome most commonly occurs in the the thoracic spine (upper and middle back). There are several causes of Brown-Sequard syndrome, including: a spinal cord tumor, trauma (such as a puncture wound to the neck or back), infectious or inflammatory diseases (tuberculosis or multiple sclerosis), and disk herniation. Treatment for this condition varies depending on the underlying cause.
What are the alternative names for Brown-Sequard Syndrome?
- Hemispinal cord syndrome
- Hemicord syndrome
- Hemiparaplegic syndrome
What are the current treatments for Brown-Sequard Syndrome?
Treatment for individuals with Brown-Sequard syndrome focuses mainly on the underlying cause of the disorder. Early treatment with high-dose steroids may be beneficial in many cases. Physical, occupational and recreational therapy are important aspects of patient rehabilitation. Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive.
More detailed information regarding treatment for Brown-Sequard syndrome can be accessed through Medscape Reference. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.