MediFind
Condition

Camptocormism

Symptoms, Doctors, Treatments, Research & More

Condition 101

What is the definition of Camptocormism?

Camptocormia, camptocormism or "bent spine syndrome," (BSS) is an extreme forward flexion of the thoracolumbar spine, which often worsens during standing or walking, but completely resolves when laying down. The term itself is derived from the Greek "kamptos" (to bend) and "kormos" (trunk) BSS was initially considered, especially in wartime, as a result of a psychogenic disorder. It is now recognized that in it may also be related to a number of musculo-skeletal or neurological disorders. It seems that myopathy is the primary cause of camptocormia based on electromyography, magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography (CT/MRI scans) of paraspinal muscles, and muscle biopsy. The majority of BSS of muscular origin is related to a primary idiopathic (with unknwon cause) axial myopathy of late onset, maybe a delayed-onset paraspinal myopathy, appearing in elderly patients. Causes of secondary BSS are numerous. The main causes are muscular disorders like inflammatory myopathies, muscular dystrophies of late onset, myotonic myopathies, endocrine and metabolic myopathies, and neurological disorders, principally Parkinson’s disease. Diagnosis of axial myopathy is based upon CT/MRI scans demonstrating a lot of fatty infiltration of paravertebral muscles. General activity, walking with a cane, physiotherapy, and exercises should be encouraged. Treatment of secondary forms of BSS is dependent upon the cause.

What are the alternative names for Camptocormism?

  • Camptocormia
  • Bent spine
  • Bent Spine Syndrome
  • Idiopathic camptocormia
  • Idiopathic camptocormism
  • Idiopathic progressive lumbar kyphosis

Top Global Doctors

MT
Elite
Michele Tinazzi
Verona, 34, IT
AF
Elite
Alfonso E. Fasano
Toronto, ON, CA
NM
Elite
Nils G. Margraf
Kiel, SH, DE
YF
Elite
Yoshihiko Furusawa
Tokyo, 13, JP
MM
Elite
Miho Murata
Kodaira, 13, JP

Latest Research

Latest Advance
Study
  • Condition: Parkinson Disease-Associated Camptocormia
  • Journal: Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • Treatment Used: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
The study researched the safety and effectiveness of subthalamic deep brain stimulation for Parkinson disease-associated camptocormia.
Latest Advance
Study
  • Condition: Parkinson's disease (PD) with camptocormia
  • Journal: Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • Treatment Used: Deep brain stimulation (DBS)
  • Number of Patients: 2
  • Published —
This study evaluated gait and camptocormia outcomes in two patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) that underwent bilateral sub thalamic nucleus (STN)- deep brain stimulation (DBS).