Learn About Caput Succedaneum

What is the definition of Caput Succedaneum?

Caput succedaneum is swelling of the scalp in a newborn. It is most often brought on by pressure from the uterus or vaginal wall during a head-first (vertex) delivery.

Save information for later
Sign Up
What are the alternative names for Caput Succedaneum?


What are the causes of Caput Succedaneum?

A caput succedaneum is more likely to form during a long or hard delivery. It is more common after the membranes have broken. This is because the fluid in the amniotic sac is no longer providing a cushion for the baby's head. Vacuum extraction done during a difficult birth can also increase the chances of a caput succedaneum.

Caput succedaneum

A caput succedaneum may be detected by prenatal ultrasound, even before labor or delivery begins. It has been found as early as 31 weeks of pregnancy. Very often, this is due to an early rupture of the membranes or too little amniotic fluid. It is less likely that a caput will form if the membranes stay intact.

What are the symptoms of Caput Succedaneum?

Symptoms may include:

  • Soft, puffy swelling on the scalp of a newborn infant
  • Possible bruising or color change on the scalp swelling area
  • Swelling that may extend to both sides of the scalp
  • Swelling that is most often seen on the portion of the head which presented first
Not sure about your diagnosis?
Check Your Symptoms
What are the current treatments for Caput Succedaneum?

No treatment is needed. The problem most often goes away on its own within a few days.

Who are the top Caput Succedaneum Local Doctors?
Highly rated in

Norwegian University Of Science And Technology

Department Of Clinical And Molecular Medicine 
Trondheim, NO 

Torbjorn Eggebo is in Trondheim, Norway. Eggebo is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Caput Succedaneum. They are also highly rated in 2 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Caput Succedaneum, Urachal Cyst, Macrosomia, and Small for Gestational Age.

Highly rated in

Clinica Santa Maria

Bari, IT 70124

Antonio Malvasi is in Bari, Italy. Malvasi is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Caput Succedaneum. He is also highly rated in 5 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Caput Succedaneum, Uterine Fibroids, Hysterectomy, and Ectopic Pregnancy.

Learn about our expert tiers
Learn more
Highly rated in

Imperial College London

London, ENG, GB 

Christoph Lees is in London, United Kingdom. Lees is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Caput Succedaneum. He is also highly rated in 6 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Intrauterine Growth Restriction, Caput Succedaneum, Small for Gestational Age, and Preeclampsia.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Caput Succedaneum?

Complete recovery can be expected. The scalp will go back to a normal shape.

What are the possible complications of Caput Succedaneum?

Complications may include a yellow color to the skin (jaundice) if bruising is involved.

When should I contact a medical professional for Caput Succedaneum?

Most of the time, the problem is noticed right after birth. You do not need to call your provider unless you have other questions.

What are the latest Caput Succedaneum Clinical Trials?
Ultrasound Prediction of Delivery Mode: Can the First Stage Prediction Model be Further Improved?
Match to trials
Find the right clinical trials for you in under a minute
Get started
What are the Latest Advances for Caput Succedaneum?

There is no recent research available for this condition. Please check back because thousands of new papers are published every week and we strive to find and display the most recent relevant research as soon as it is available.

Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: April 14, 2021
Published By: Charles I. Schwartz, MD, FAAP, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, General Pediatrician at PennCare for Kids, Phoenixville, PA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Balest AL, Riley MM, Bogen DL. Neonatology. In: Zitelli BJ, McIntire SC, Nowalk AJ, eds. Zitelli and Davis' Atlas of Pediatric Physical Diagnosis. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 2.

Prazad PA, Rajpal MN, Mangurten HH, Puppala BI. Birth injuries. In: Martin RJ, Fanaroff AA, Walsh MC, eds. Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 29.