Learn About Cat Scratch Disease

What is the definition of Cat Scratch Disease?
Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a bacterial infection that primarily affects the lymph nodes. It is typically caused by the bacteria bartonella (Bartonella henselae). It is usually transmitted by being scratched or bitten by a cat, but rarely, no scratch or bite is involved. Symptoms frequently include the formation of a small bump at the site of the scratch or bite, followed by fever and swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) within 1-3 weeks. Lymphadenopathy commonly resolves on its own within a few months, but in some cases it may persist for up to 2 years. People with weakened immune systems (and less commonly, people with healthy immune systems) may develop more widespread disease and additional symptoms or neurological complications, which can be severe. In most cases, particularly in children and adolescents, having CSD once means that it cannot occur again. The recurrence of symptoms months after disease onset has been reported in a few adults with CSD. Treatment in mild or moderate cases typically involves medicines or strategies to improve symptoms, such as using fever reducers, pain relievers, or local heat over the affected lymph node(s). In more severe or systemic cases, management may involve lymph node aspiration and/or antibiotics.
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What are the alternative names for Cat Scratch Disease?
  • Bartonellosis due to Bartonella henselae infection
  • Cat scratch fever
What are the symptoms of Cat Scratch Disease?
Most people with cat scratch disease have been bitten or scratched by a cat and develop a mild infection at the point of injury within about 3-14 days. The infected area may be warm and painful and may appear appear swollen and red with round, raised lesions. Lymph nodes, especially those around the head, neck, and upper limbs, become swollen. Additionally, a person with cat scratch disease may experience fever, headache, fatigue, achiness and discomfort (malaise), sore throat, enlarged spleen, and/or loss of appetite.
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Who are the top Cat Scratch Disease Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
2
conditions

Yamaguchi University Graduate School Of Medicine

Ube, JP 

Hidehiro Tsuneoka is in Ube, Japan. Tsuneoka is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Cat Scratch Disease. They are also highly rated in 2 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Cat Scratch Disease, Lymphadenitis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, and Pleurisy.

Elite
Highly rated in
2
conditions

Yamaguchi University Graduate School Of Medicine

Yamaguchi, JP 

Masashi Yanagihara is in Yamaguchi, Japan. Yanagihara is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Cat Scratch Disease. He is also highly rated in 2 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Cat Scratch Disease, Lymphadenitis, Mononucleosis, and Pleurisy.

 
 
 
 
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Distinguished
Highly rated in
6
conditions

University Of Ostrava

Ostrava, MO, CZ 

Lubomira Hozakova is in Ostrava, Czech Republic. Hozakova is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Cat Scratch Disease. They are also highly rated in 6 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Cat Scratch Disease, Lymphadenitis, Alveolar Echinococcosis, and Enlarged Liver.

What are the latest Cat Scratch Disease Clinical Trials?
Intra-nodal Injection of Gentamicin for the Treatment of Suppurated Cat Scratch Disease's Lymphadenitis: A Randomized Controlled Study
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What are the Latest Advances for Cat Scratch Disease?
Hepato-splenic involvement, an unusual finding secondary to cat-scratch disease: a clinical case.
A case of Bartonellosis presenting as a puzzling multisystem disorder complicated by nosocomial COVID-19 infection.
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Cerebral epidural empyema due to Bartonella henselae: a case report.