Learn About Chronic Pain

What is the definition of Chronic Pain?
Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists for more than three months, in contrast to acute pain which is limited. Chronic pain may be the result of injury, infection, or chronic disease and can manifest as low back pain, migraines, arthritis, neuralgias or neurological diseases affecting various nerves, cancer, and even psychogenic pain where no physical cause can be found. Chronic pain more commonly affects older adults and can be unrelenting (without relief) or intermittent (continuing to come and go).
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What are the symptoms of Chronic Pain?
Symptoms of chronic pain last more than three months and are generally associated with its origin, such as low back pain due to injury or disease; arthritis pain associated with joints and bones; headaches, such as recurring migraines; neurogenic pain from nerve or central nervous system diseases and disorders; psychogenic (no known disease or injury) pain; and may be combined with co-morbid (more than one) conditions, such as chronic fatigue syndrome; fibromyalgia (muscle pain); inflammatory bowel disease; interstitial cystitis (bladder infection); temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction; and vulvodynia (vulvar pain). Chronic pain symptoms may be aggravated by environmental and psychological factors. Some patients with chronic pain may also experience mood disorders, such depression and anxiety.
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What are the current treatments for Chronic Pain?
Chronic pain is considered to be a major medical disorder that requires treatment and may be incurable. Treatments for chronic pain depend on its type, causes, and condition, and often involve seeing different specialists that are part of a pain management and rehabilitation team. Common treatments for chronic pain may include acupuncture; anesthetic pain blocks; epidural steroid injections; antidepressants; application of heat and cold; biofeedback; behavior modification therapy; brain stimulation; exercise; local electrical stimulation; hypnosis; over-the-counter medications, such as aspirin or acetaminophen; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); placebos; prescription pain medicines, such as opioids; physical and occupational therapy, such as massage and whirlpool treatments; meditation; psychotherapy and group therapy; relaxation techniques; stress management; or surgery. Most often, treatment for chronic pain focuses on decreasing pain symptoms, while managing pain long-term.
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What are the latest Chronic Pain Clinical Trials?
Intermittent Dosing of Spinal Cord Stimulation as Alternate Paradigm to Continuous 10kHz Frequency Therapy (HF10 Therapy)

Summary: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) delivered at 10kHz frequency (HF10 Therapy) has demonstrated superiority to traditional SCS for leg and back pain. Intermittent dosing (ID) refers to the cycling of stimulation, in which there is a designated time period of stimulation being active (ON) and inactive (OFF). Previous studies have demonstrated the safe and effective use of intermittent dosing. However, t...

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Efficacy Assessment of Transcranial Direct Current STIMulation (tDCS) in Reducing Pain in PALliative Cancer Patients.

Summary: Pain is a common symptom in palliative care cancer patients and is often insufficiently relieved. The 2010 INCA report showed that France is not an exception to this worldwide observation (synopsis of the 2010 national survey). This report shows that pain is the symptom that these patients fear the most and that it dramatically impacts their quality of life. These patients may experience nocicepti...

What are the Latest Advances for Chronic Pain?
Lateral osteotomy of the calcaneus in the treatment of Müller-Weiss disease.
Dexamethasone for Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
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Comparison of Clonazepam and Tongue Protector in the Treatment of Burning Mouth Syndrome.