Learn About Claw Foot

What is the definition of Claw Foot?

Claw foot is a deformity of the foot. The joint of the toe that is closest to the ankle is bent upward, and the other joints are bent downward. The toe looks like a claw.

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What are the alternative names for Claw Foot?

Claw toes

What is some background information about Claw Foot?

Claw toes may be present at birth (congenital). The condition can also develop later in life because of other disorders (acquired). Claw toes may be caused by a nerve problem in the legs or a spinal cord problem or signs of arthritis. The cause is unknown in many cases.

Most of the time, claw toes are not harmful in themselves. They may be the first sign of a more serious disease of the nervous system.

Claw toes may cause pain and lead to calluses on the top of the toe over the first joint, but may also be painless. The condition may create problems fitting into shoes.

What are the causes of Claw Foot?

Causes may include:

  • Ankle fractures or surgery
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • Other brain and nervous system disorders
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
When should I contact a medical professional for Claw Foot?

Contact your health care provider if you think you may be getting claw toes.

What should I expect during a doctor appointment?

The provider will do an exam to check for muscle, nerve, and spine problems. The physical exam will most likely include extra attention to the feet and hands.

You will be asked questions about your condition, such as:

  • When did you first notice this?
  • Did you have a previous injury?
  • Is it getting worse?
  • Does it affect both feet?
  • Do you have other symptoms at the same time?
  • Do you have any abnormal feelings in your feet?
  • Do any other family members have the same condition?

The abnormal shape of the toe can increase pressure and cause calluses or ulcers on your toes. You may need to wear special shoes to ease pressure. Claw toes can also be treated surgically.

Claw foot
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What are the latest Claw Foot Clinical Trials?
Opiate Free Multimodal Pain Pathway in Elective Foot and Ankle Surgery: A Prospective Study

Summary: Orthopedic surgeons frequently prescribe and over-prescribe narcotic pain medications during the postoperative period, despite the ongoing opioid crisis in the United States. While opioid-free multimodal pathways have shown promising results, there remains a lack of published literature evaluating opiate-free multimodal pain protocols for elective outpatient foot and ankle surgeries. This study ai...

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The Efficacy of Flexor Tenotomy on the Prevention of Recurrent Diabetic Foot Ulcers: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Summary: The main purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of flexor tenotomy on the prevention of recurrence of toe ulcers in people with diabetes and a history of toe ulceration. Additionally, the investigators aim to assess interphalangeal joints (IPJ) and metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) angles in a weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing position, bare-foot plantar pressure during walking and qua...

What are the Latest Advances for Claw Foot?
Conservative Approach in the Management of Lesser Toe Deformities in Older Adults.
Forefoot Success.
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Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: June 13, 2021
Published By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Grear BJ. Neurogenic disorders. In: Azar FM, Beaty JH, eds. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 87.

Murphy GA. Lesser toe abnormalities. In: Azar FM, Beaty JH, eds. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 84.