Learn About Cryptosporidium Enteritis

What is the definition of Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

Cryptosporidium enteritis is an infection of the small intestine that causes diarrhea. The parasite cryptosporidium causes this infection.

Save information for later
Sign Up
What are the alternative names for Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

Cryptosporidiosis

What are the causes of Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

Cryptosporidium has recently been recognized as a cause of diarrhea worldwide in all age groups. It has a greater effect on people with a weakened immune system, including:

  • People who take medicines to suppress their immune system
  • People with HIV/AIDS
  • Transplant recipients

In these groups, this infection is not just bothersome, but can lead to severe and life-threatening loss of muscle and body mass (wasting) and malnutrition.

The major risk factor is drinking water that is contaminated with feces (stool). People at higher risk include:

  • Animal handlers
  • People who are in close contact with infected people
  • Young children

Outbreaks have been linked to:

  • Drinking from contaminated public water supplies
  • Drinking unpasteurized cider
  • Swimming in contaminated pools and lakes

Some outbreaks have been very large.

What are the symptoms of Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

Symptoms of infection include:

  • Abdominal cramping
  • Diarrhea, which is often watery, non-bloody, large-volume, and occurs many times a day
  • General sick feeling (malaise)
  • Malnutrition and weight loss (in severe cases)
  • Nausea
Not sure about your diagnosis?
Check Your Symptoms
What are the current treatments for Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

There are several treatments for cryptosporidium enteritis.

Medicines such as nitazoxanide have been used in children and adults. Other medicines that are sometimes used include:

  • Atovaquone
  • Paromomycin

These medicines often help only for a little while. It is common for the infection to return.

The best approach is to improve immune function in people who have a weakened immune system. In people with HIV/AIDS, this can be done by using highly active antiviral therapy. Using this type of treatment can lead to a complete remission of cryptosporidium enteritis.

Who are the top Cryptosporidium Enteritis Local Doctors?
Distinguished
Highly rated in
55
conditions
Emergency Medicine
General Practice

Avera Health

Avera Medical Group Spirit Lake Medical Center

2700 23rd St 
Spirit Lake, IA 51360

Jeffrey Goerss is an Emergency Medicine specialist and a General Practice doctor in Spirit Lake, Iowa. Dr. Goerss has been practicing medicine for over 43 years and is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Cryptosporidium Enteritis. He is also highly rated in 55 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Cryptosporidium Enteritis, Hypertension, Familial Hypertension, and Glucocorticoid-Remediable Aldosteronism. He is licensed to treat patients in Iowa.

Advanced
Highly rated in
55
conditions
Internal Medicine

Comanche County Memorial Hospital Health System

Comanche County Hospital Authority

3201 W Gore Blvd 
Lawton, OK 73505

Richard Brittingham is an Internal Medicine doctor in Lawton, Oklahoma. Dr. Brittingham has been practicing medicine for over 32 years and is rated as an Advanced doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Cryptosporidium Enteritis. He is also highly rated in 55 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Type 2 Diabetes, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Metabolic Syndrome, and Chronic Pain. He is licensed to treat patients in Oklahoma. Dr. Brittingham is currently accepting new patients.

 
 
 
 
Learn about our expert tiers
Learn more
Advanced
Highly rated in
17
conditions
Hospital Medicine
Internal Medicine

Adventist Health Central Valley Network

Vituity Hospitalist Group

372 W Cypress Ave 
Reedley, CA 93654

Mehdi Hakimipour is a Hospital Medicine specialist and an Internal Medicine doctor in Reedley, California. Dr. Hakimipour has been practicing medicine for over 26 years and is rated as an Advanced doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Cryptosporidium Enteritis. He is also highly rated in 17 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Sepsis, Cryptosporidium Enteritis, and Atypical Pneumonia. He is licensed to treat patients in California. Dr. Hakimipour is currently accepting new patients.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

In healthy people, the infection will clear up, but it can last up to a month. In people with a weakened immune system, long-term diarrhea may cause weight loss and malnutrition.

What are the possible complications of Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

These complications can occur:

  • Inflammation of a bile duct
  • Inflammation of the gallbladder
  • Inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
  • Malabsorption (not enough nutrients being absorbed from the intestinal tract)
  • Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • Loss of body mass that causes extreme thinness and weakness (wasting syndrome)
When should I contact a medical professional for Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

Contact your health care provider if you develop watery diarrhea that does not go away within a few days, especially if you have a weakened immune system.

How do I prevent Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

Proper sanitation and hygiene, including handwashing, are important measures for preventing this illness.

Certain water filters can also reduce risk by filtering out the cryptosporidium eggs. However, the pores of the filter must be smaller than 1 micron to be effective. If you have a weakened immune system, ask your provider if you need to boil your water.

Cryptosporidium - organism
Digestive system organs
What are the latest Cryptosporidium Enteritis Clinical Trials?
Match to trials
Find the right clinical trials for you in under a minute
Get started
What are the Latest Advances for Cryptosporidium Enteritis?

There is no recent research available for this condition. Please check back because thousands of new papers are published every week and we strive to find and display the most recent relevant research as soon as it is available.

Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : March 04, 2020
Published By : Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Huston CD. Intestinal protozoa. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 113.

Warren CA, Lima AAM. Cryptosporidiosis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 329.

White AC. Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium species). In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 282.