Learn About Cyclothymic Disorder

What is the definition of Cyclothymic Disorder?

Cyclothymic disorder is a mental disorder. It is a mild form of bipolar disorder (manic depressive illness), in which a person has mood swings over a period of years that go from mild depression to emotional highs.

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What are the alternative names for Cyclothymic Disorder?

Cyclothymia; Mood disorder - cyclothymia

What are the causes of Cyclothymic Disorder?

The causes of cyclothymic disorder are unknown. Major depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymia often occur together in families. This suggests that these mood disorders share similar causes.

Cyclothymia usually begins early in life. Men and women are equally affected.

What are the symptoms of Cyclothymic Disorder?

Symptoms may include any of the following:

  • Periods (episodes) of extreme happiness and high activity or energy (hypomanic symptoms), or low mood, activity, or energy (depressive symptoms) for at least 2 years (1 or more years in children and adolescents).
  • These mood swings are less severe than with bipolar disorder or major depression.
  • Ongoing symptoms, with no more than 2 symptom-free months in a row.
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What are the current treatments for Cyclothymic Disorder?

Treatments for this disorder include mood-stabilizing medicine, antidepressants, talk therapy, or some combination of these three treatments.

Some of the more commonly used mood stabilizers are lithium and antiseizure medicines.

Compared with bipolar disorder, some people with cyclothymia may not respond as well to medicines.

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What are the support groups for Cyclothymic Disorder?

You can ease the stress of living with cyclothymic disorder by joining a support group whose members share common experiences and problems.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Cyclothymic Disorder?

Less than one half of people with cyclothymic disorder go on to develop bipolar disorder. In other people, cyclothymia continues as a chronic condition or disappears with time.

What are the possible complications of Cyclothymic Disorder?

The condition can progress to bipolar disorder.

When should I contact a medical professional for Cyclothymic Disorder?

Call a mental health professional if you or a loved one has alternating periods of depression and excitement that do not go away and that affect work, school, or social life.

If you or someone you know is thinking about suicide, call or text 988 or chat 988lifeline.org. You can also call 1-800-273-8255 (1-800-273-TALK). The 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline provides free and confidential support 24/7, anytime day or night.

You can also call 911 or the local emergency number or go to the hospital emergency room. DO NOT delay.

If someone you know has attempted suicide, call 911 or the local emergency number right away. DO NOT leave the person alone, even after you have called for help.

What are the latest Cyclothymic Disorder Clinical Trials?
Randomized Controlled Trial for Testing the Efficacy of Well-Being Therapy in Patients With Systemic Sclerosis

Summary: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and potentially life-threatening autoimmune disorder with a significant impact on health and quality of life. The non-pharmacological interventions address to psychological sequalae currently available are limited and have poor efficacy. Well-Being Therapy (WBT) is a brief psychotherapy which has shown efficacy in decreasing the relapse rates of depression in adu...

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Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Well-Being Therapy vs a Control Condition in Chronic Migraine Patients

Summary: Chronic migraine is a disabling type of migraine and is often resistant to treatment. Non-pharmacological interventions have been investigated as potential treatment although, unfortunately, the literature on their efficacy is poor and showed mixed results. Well-Being Therapy (WBT) is a brief psychotherapy which has shown efficacy in decreasing the relapse rates of depression in adults, in general...

What are the Latest Advances for Cyclothymic Disorder?
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Affective Temperaments, Panic Disorder and Their Bipolar Connections.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: July 28, 2022
Published By: Fred K. Berger, MD, addiction and forensic psychiatrist, Scripps Memorial Hospital, La Jolla, CA. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

American Psychiatric Association. Cyclothymic disorder. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013:139-141.

Fava M, Østergaard SD, Cassano P. Mood disorders: depressive disorders (major depressive disorder). In: Stern TA, Fava M, Wilens TE, Rosenbaum JF, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 29.