Learn About Dacryoadenitis

What is the definition of Dacryoadenitis?

Dacryoadenitis is inflammation of the tear-producing gland (lacrimal gland).

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What are the causes of Dacryoadenitis?

Acute dacryoadenitis is most commonly due to viral or bacterial infection. Common causes include mumps, Epstein-Barr virus, staphylococcus, and gonococcus.

Chronic dacryoadenitis is most often due to noninfectious inflammatory disorders. Examples include sarcoidosis, thyroid eye disease, and orbital pseudotumor.

What are the symptoms of Dacryoadenitis?

Symptoms may include:

  • Swelling of the outer portion of the upper lid, with possible redness and tenderness
  • Pain in the area of swelling
  • Excess tearing or discharge
  • Swelling of lymph nodes in front of the ear
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What are the current treatments for Dacryoadenitis?

If the cause of dacryoadenitis is a viral condition such as mumps, rest and warm compresses may be enough. In other cases, the treatment depends on the disease that caused the condition.

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What is the outlook (prognosis) for Dacryoadenitis?

Most people will fully recover from dacryoadenitis. For more serious causes, such as sarcoidosis, the outlook depends on the disease that caused this condition.

What are the possible complications of Dacryoadenitis?

Swelling may be severe enough to put pressure on the eye and distort vision. Some people who were first thought to have dacryoadenitis may turn out to have cancer of the lacrimal gland.

When should I contact a medical professional for Dacryoadenitis?

Contact your health care provider if swelling or pain increase despite treatment.

How do I prevent Dacryoadenitis?

Mumps can be prevented by getting vaccinated. You can avoid getting infected with gonococcus, the bacteria that cause gonorrhea, by using safe sex practices. Most other causes cannot be prevented.

What are the latest Dacryoadenitis Clinical Trials?
Does Administration of Proparacaine Hydrochloride 0.5% Ophthalmic Solution Prior to Canalicular Probing and Irrigation Decrease Patient Discomfort

Methods: Participants 18 years and older who present to the William Beaumont Hospital - Royal Oak, Michigan outpatient ophthalmology clinic with a chief complaint of epiphora (excessive tearing) who necessitate bilateral lower lid probing and irrigation of the lacrimal drainage system will be enrolled in the study. One eye will be randomized to receive a drop of the anesthetic Proparacaine hydrochloride 0....

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The Effect of Antibiotic Eye Drops on the Nasal Microbiome in Healthy Subjects, a Phase II Study

Summary: Ophthalmic topical antibiotics are commonly prescribed in clinical practice for several indications such as bacterial conjunctivitis, keratitis, blepharitis, dacryocystitis and also as prophylaxis. Aminoglycosides (i.e. gentamicin) and fluoroquinolones (i.e. ciprofloxacin) are among the most frequently used substance classes. There is evidence that topical non-antibiotic eye drops might have an ef...

What are the Latest Advances for Dacryoadenitis?
Factors involved in the success and failure of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy from our experience.
IgG4-Related Sclerosing Cholangitis: Rarely Diagnosed, but not a Rare Disease.
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Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: August 18, 2020
Published By: Franklin W. Lusby, MD, ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Durand ML. Periocular infections. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 116.

McNab AA. Orbital infection and inflammation. In: Yanoff M, Duker JS, eds. Ophthalmology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 12.14.

Patel R, Patel BC. Dacryoadenitis. 2020 Jun 23. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan. PMID: 30571005 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30571005/.