What is the definition of Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

Developmental expressive language disorder is a condition in which a child has lower than normal ability in vocabulary, saying complex sentences, and remembering words. However, a child with this disorder may have the normal language skills needed to understand verbal or written communication.

What are the alternative names for Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

Language disorder - expressive; Specific language impairment

What are the causes for Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

Developmental expressive language disorder is common in school-age children.

The causes are not well understood. Damage to the cerebrum of the brain and malnutrition may cause some cases. Genetic factors may also be involved.

What are the symptoms for Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

Children with an expressive language disorder have a hard time getting their meaning or message across to others.

Symptoms of this disorder may include any of the following:

  • Below-average vocabulary skills
  • Improper use of tenses (past, present, future)
  • Problems making complex sentences
  • Problems remembering words

What are the current treatments for Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

Language therapy is the best method to treat this type of disorder. The goal is to increase the number of phrases a child can use. This is done by using block-building techniques and speech therapy.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

How much the child recovers depends on the severity of the disorder. With reversible factors, such as vitamin deficiencies, there may be nearly full recovery.

Children who do not have any other developmental or motor coordination problems have the best outlook (prognosis). Often, such children have a family history of delays in language milestones, but eventually catch up.

What are the possible complications for Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

This disorder may lead to:

  • Learning problems
  • Low self-esteem
  • Social problems

When should I contact a medical professional for Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

If you are concerned about a child's language development, have the child tested.

How do I prevent Developmental Expressive Language Disorder?

Good nutrition during pregnancy, and early childhood and prenatal care may help.

REFERENCES

Simms MD. Language development and communication disorders. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 52.

Trauner DA, Nass RD. Developmental language disorders. In: Swaiman KF, Ashwal S, Ferriero DM, et al, eds. Swaiman's Pediatric Neurology: Principles and Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 53.

  • Condition: Pediatric Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Journal: Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • Treatment Used: Symbolic Play
  • Number of Patients: 58
  • Published —
This study tested the safety and efficacy of using symbolic play exercises to develop language in children with autism spectrum disorder.