Learn About Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency

What is the definition of Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency?

Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency is a severe condition that can affect several body systems. Signs and symptoms of this condition usually appear shortly after birth, and they can vary widely among affected individuals.

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What are the causes of Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency?

Mutations in the DLD gene cause dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency. This gene provides instructions for making an enzyme called dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLD). DLD is one component of three different groups of enzymes that work together (enzyme complexes): branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKD), pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), and alpha (α)-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (αKGDH). The BCKD enzyme complex is involved in the breakdown of three protein building blocks (amino acids) commonly found in protein-rich foods: leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Breakdown of these amino acids produces molecules that can be used for energy. The PDH and αKGDH enzyme complexes are involved in other reactions in the pathways that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use.

How prevalent is Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency?

Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency occurs in an estimated 1 in 35,000 to 48,000 individuals of Ashkenazi Jewish descent. This population typically has liver disease as the primary symptom. In other populations, the prevalence of dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase deficiency is unknown, but the condition is likely rare.

Is Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency an inherited disorder?

This condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations. The parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive condition each carry one copy of the mutated gene, but they typically do not show signs and symptoms of the condition.

Who are the top Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency Local Doctors?
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Highly rated in
7
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MTA SE Laboratory For Neurobiochemistry

Budapest, BU, HU 1094

Attila Ambrus is in Budapest, Hungary. Ambrus is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency. He is also highly rated in 7 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency, Pyruvate Decarboxylase Deficiency, and Lactic Acidosis.

Distinguished
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Division Of Endocrinology

Graduate School Of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, 41404 
Daegu, KR 

In-kyu Lee is in Daegu, Republic of Korea. Lee is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency. They are also highly rated in 8 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency, Pyruvate Decarboxylase Deficiency, and Type 2 Diabetes T2D.

 
 
 
 
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Distinguished
Highly rated in
4
conditions

MTA SE Laboratory For Neurobiochemistry

Budapest, BU, HU 

Vera Vizi-Adam is in Budapest, Hungary. Vizi-Adam is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency. She is also highly rated in 4 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency, Pyruvate Decarboxylase Deficiency, and Lactic Acidosis Congenital Infantile.

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Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: September 01, 2014Published By: National Institutes of Health

What are the Latest Advances for Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency?
The Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on Patients with Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Deficiency.
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