Symptoms, Doctors, Treatments, Research & More

Condition 101

What is the definition of Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is a childhood learning disorder that involves poor writing skills. It is also called disorder of written expression.

What are the alternative names for Dysgraphia?

Written expression disorder; Specific learning disorder with impairment in written expression

What are the causes for Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is as common as other learning disorders.

A child can have dysgraphia only or along with other learning disabilities, such as:

  • Developmental coordination disorder (includes poor handwriting)
  • Expressive language disorder
  • Reading disorder
  • ADHD

What are the symptoms for Dysgraphia?

Symptoms may include:

  • Errors in grammar and punctuation
  • Poor handwriting
  • Poor spelling
  • Poorly organized writing
  • Has to say words aloud when writing

What are the current treatments for Dysgraphia?

Special (remedial) education is the best approach to this type of disorder.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Dysgraphia?

The degree of recovery depends on the severity of the disorder. Improvement is often seen after treatment.

What are the possible complications for Dysgraphia?

Complications that may occur include:

  • Learning problems
  • Low self-esteem
  • Problems with socializing

When should I contact a medical professional for Dysgraphia?

Parents who are concerned about their child's writing ability should have their child tested by educational professionals.

How do I prevent Dysgraphia?

Learning disorders often run in families. Affected or potentially affected families should make every effort to recognize problems early. Intervention can begin as early as preschool or kindergarten.


Kelly DP, Natale MJ. Neurodevelopmental function and dysfunction in the school-age child. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW, Schor NF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 32.

Szklut SE, Philibert DB. Learning disabilities and developmental coordination disorder. In: Umphred DA, Burton GU, Lazaro RT, Roller ML, eds. Umphred's Neurological Rehabilitation. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2013:chap 14.

Latest Research

Latest Advance
  • Condition: Dysgraphia
  • Journal: International journal of language & communication disorders
  • Treatment Used: Technology-enhanced writing therapy
  • Number of Patients: 21
  • Published —
This study evaluated the benefits of technology-enhanced writing therapy for people with acquired dysgraphia.

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trial
  • Status: Enrolling by invitation
  • Study Type: Behavioral
  • Participants: 5
  • Start Date: August 30, 2018
Treatment for Reading and Writing Deficits Following Acquired Brain Injury