Condition 101 About ECHO Virus

What is the definition of ECHO Virus?

Enteric cytopathic human orphan (ECHO) viruses are a group of viruses that can lead to infections in different parts of the body, and skin rashes.

What are the alternative names for ECHO Virus?

Nonpolio enterovirus infection; Echovirus infection

What are the causes for ECHO Virus?

Echovirus is one of several families of viruses that affect the gastrointestinal tract. Together, these are called enteroviruses. These infections are common. In the United States, they are most common in the summer and fall. You can catch the virus if you come into contact with stool contaminated by the virus, and possibly by breathing in air particles from an infected person.

Serious infections with ECHO viruses are much less common but can be significant. For example, some cases of viral meningitis (inflammation of the tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord) is caused by an ECHO virus.

What are the symptoms for ECHO Virus?

Symptoms depend on the site of infection and may include:

  • Croup (breathing difficulty and harsh cough)
  • Mouth sores
  • Skin rashes
  • Sore throat
  • Chest pain if the infection affects the heart muscle or sac-like covering around the heart (pericarditis)
  • Severe headache, mental status changes, fever and chills, nausea and vomiting, sensitivity to light, if the infection affects the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meningitis)

What are the current treatments for ECHO Virus?

ECHO virus infections almost always clear up on their own. No specific medicines are available to fight the virus. Immune system treatment called IVIG may help people with severe ECHO virus infections who have a weakened immune system. Antibiotics are not effective against this virus, or any other virus.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for ECHO Virus?

People who have the less severe types of illness should recover completely without treatment. Infections of organs such as the heart may cause severe disease and can be deadly.

What are the possible complications for ECHO Virus?

Complications vary with the site and type of infection. Heart infections may be deadly, while most other types of infection improve on their own.

When should I contact a medical professional for ECHO Virus?

Call your health care provider if you have any of the symptoms listed above.

How do I prevent ECHO Virus?

No specific preventive measures are available for ECHO virus infections other than hand-washing, especially when you are in contact with sick people. Currently, no vaccines are available.



Romero JR. Enteroviruses. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 379.

Romero JR, Modlin JF. Introduction to the human enteroviruses and parechoviruses. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Updated Edition. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 172.

Top Global Doctors For ECHO Virus

Enagnon K. Alidjinou
Lille, FR
Hela Jaidane
Monastir, TN
Famara Sane
Lille, FR
Didier Hober
Lille, FR
Zexin X. Tao
Jinan, CN

Latest Advances On ECHO Virus

  • Condition: HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infections
  • Journal: Viruses
  • Treatment Used: Antiviral Drug Combinations
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
This study evaluated antiviral drug combinations for the treatment of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections.
  • Condition: Metastatic Melanoma
  • Journal: Current treatment options in oncology
  • Treatment Used: Oncolytic Virus
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
This article considers the use of oncolytic viruses as a cure for metastatic melanoma.

Clinical Trials For ECHO Virus

There are no recent clinical trials available for this condition. Please check back because new trials are being conducted frequently.