What is the definition of Familial Deafness?
Familial deafness is a genetic loss of hearing that runs in a family. Most cases of familial deafness are non-syndromic, in which the individual does not have any other symptoms than deafness. Less than one-third of familial hearing loss is syndromic, in which the person has other symptoms, such as blindness, in addition to hearing loss. Familial deafness can cause hearing loss at birth or hearing loss that occurs later in life that may or may not progress.
What are the symptoms for Familial Deafness?
Symptoms of familial deafness can range from complete loss of hearing to incomplete hearing loss that may or may not progress over the life span. Depending on the genetic mutations, familial deafness or hearing loss can be present in one or both ears. Most people who are deaf or hard of hearing have some hearing.
What are the current treatments for Familial Deafness?
Treatment for familial deafness may include special education; language learning education; speech therapy; hearing aids; surgical placement of cochlear or brainstem hearing implants; hearing aids; and other assistive devices, such as frequency modulation (FM), captioning, telephone amplifiers, flashing and vibrating alarms, audio loop systems, infrared listening devices, portable sound amplifiers, and text telephone or teletypewriter.