Learn About Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD)

What is the definition of Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD)?
Fibromuscular dysplasia is a rare condition that affects cell growth in arterial walls, making the arteries narrow, enlarge, or bulge. Fibromuscular dysplasia can affect many different arteries such as carotid, renal, coronary, and mesenteric arteries.
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What are the symptoms of Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD)?
Fibromuscular dysplasia may not cause any symptoms. Symptoms of fibromuscular dysplasia depend on the affected arteries. Symptoms of fibromuscular dysplasia may include headache, ringing in the ears, dizziness, sudden neck pain, high blood pressure, transient ischemic attack, aneurysm, artery dissection, and abnormal kidney function.
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What are the current treatments for Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD)?
Treatment for fibromuscular dysplasia depends on the affected artery and symptoms. Treatment for fibromuscular dysplasia may include watchful waiting; lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, restricting salt intake, and daily exercise; medications for high blood pressure, such as benazepril, enalapril, lisinopril, irbesartan, losartan, valsartan, hydrochlorothiazide, amlodipine, nifedipine, metoprolol, and atenolol; other medications, such as aspirin, antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulants, and botulinum toxin injections; and surgery, such as percutaneous transluminal angioplasty or revascularization.
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What are the latest Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD) Clinical Trials?
The European/International FMD Registry and Initiative (FEIRI), a Prospective Study

Summary: The main objectives of FEIRI are: (i) To describe the demographic and arterial characteristics of FMD and related diseases at a global scale and according to countries and/or ethnic origin (ii) To evaluate the incidence and predictors of novel FMD lesions and complications (iii) To explore the commonalities and differences between FMD, SCAD and so-called atypical FMD (patients with multiple dissec...

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A Prospective Study of the Renal Artery Fibromuscular Dysplasia Registry in China

Objective: 1) To describe the characteristics of renal artery FMD; 2) To identify environmental/ hormonal factors and exposures (for example smoking) associated with the onset and progression of renal artery FMD; 3)To identify baseline characteristics of the disease associated with an increased risk of complications such as dissections, aneurysms, stroke or myocardial infarction; 4) To provide evidence-based...

What are the Latest Advances for Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD)?
Percutaneous cutting balloon angioplasty for the treatment of renovascular hypertension in children and adolescents.
Pediatric Renal Artery Stenosis: A 19-Year Experience in Management and Outcomes at a Tertiary Pediatric Hospital.
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Impact of Percutaneous Transluminal Renal Angioplasty on Autonomic Nervous System and Natriuresis in Hypertensive Patients With Renal Artery Stenosis.