Learn About Frequent or Urgent Urination

What is the definition of Frequent or Urgent Urination?

Frequent urination means needing to urinate more often than usual. Urgent urination is a sudden, strong need to urinate. This causes a discomfort in your bladder. Urgent urination makes it difficult to delay using the toilet.

A frequent need to urinate at night is called nocturia. Most people can sleep for 6 to 8 hours without having to urinate.

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What are the alternative names for Frequent or Urgent Urination?

Urgent urination; Urinary frequency or urgency; Urgency-frequency syndrome; Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome; Urge syndrome

What are the causes of Frequent or Urgent Urination?

Common causes of these symptoms are:

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Enlarged prostate in middle-aged and older men
  • Swelling and infection of the urethra
  • Vaginitis (swelling or discharge of the vulva and vagina)
  • Nerve related problems
  • Caffeine intake

Less common causes include:

  • Alcohol use
  • Anxiety
  • Bladder cancer (not common)
  • Spine problems
  • Diabetes that is not well controlled
  • Pregnancy
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Medicines such as water pills (diuretics)
  • Overactive bladder syndrome
  • Radiation therapy to the pelvis, which is used to treat certain cancers
  • Stroke and other brain or nervous system diseases
  • Tumor or growth in the pelvis
How do I perform a home exam for a Frequent or Urgent Urination?

Follow the advice of your health care provider to treat the cause of the problem.

It may help to write down the times when you urinate and the amount of urine you produce. Bring this record to your visit with the provider. This is called a voiding diary.

In some cases, you may have problems controlling urine (incontinence) for a period of time. You may need to take steps to protect your clothing and bedding.

For nighttime urination, avoid drinking too much fluid before going to bed. Cut down on the amount of liquids you drink that contain alcohol or caffeine.

When should I contact a medical professional for Frequent or Urgent Urination?

Call your provider right away if:

  • You have fever, back or side pain, vomiting, or shaking chills
  • You have increased thirst or appetite, fatigue, or sudden weight loss

Also call your provider if:

  • You have urinary frequency or urgency, but you are not pregnant and you are not drinking large amounts of fluid.
  • You have incontinence or you have changed your lifestyle because of your symptoms.
  • You have bloody or cloudy urine.
  • There is a discharge from the penis or vagina.
What should I expect during a doctor appointment?

Your provider will take a medical history and do a physical exam.

Tests that may be done include:

  • Urinalysis
  • Urine culture
  • Cystometry or urodynamic testing (a measurement of the pressure within the bladder)
  • Cystoscopy
  • Nervous system tests (for some urgency problems)
  • Ultrasound (such as an abdominal ultrasound or a pelvic ultrasound)

Treatment depends on the cause of the urgency and frequency. You may need to take antibiotics and medicine to ease your discomfort.

Female urinary tract
Male urinary tract
Who are the top Frequent or Urgent Urination Local Doctors?
Highly rated in

Beaumont Health System

Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak

3601 W 13 Mile Rd 
Royal Oak, MI 48073

Kenneth Peters is an Urologist in Royal Oak, Michigan. Dr. Peters has been practicing medicine for over 31 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Frequent or Urgent Urination. He is also highly rated in 15 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Interstitial Cystitis, Frequent or Urgent Urination, Urinary Incontinence, and Pudendal Neuralgia. He is licensed to treat patients in Michigan. Dr. Peters is currently accepting new patients.

Highly rated in

Division Of Neurology

Internal Medicine, Sakura Medical Center, Toho University 
Sakura, JP 

Ryuji Sakakibara is in Sakura, Japan. Sakakibara is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Frequent or Urgent Urination. He is also highly rated in 24 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Frequent or Urgent Urination, Multiple System Atrophy, Familial Dysautonomia, and Cerebellar Multiple System Atrophy.

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Highly rated in

University Of Bristol

Bristol Urological Institute 
Bristol, ENG, GB 

Marcus Drake is in Bristol, United Kingdom. Drake is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Frequent or Urgent Urination. He is also highly rated in 7 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Frequent or Urgent Urination, Urinary Incontinence, Bladder Outlet Obstruction, and Stress Urinary Incontinence.

What are the latest Frequent or Urgent Urination Clinical Trials?
Electroacupuncture at Four Sacral Points for Benigh Prosatic Hyperplasia/Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Trial
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BeaRberry in the Treatment of Acute UncoMplIcated Cystitis (BRUMI)- Protocol of a Multicentre, Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial
What are the Latest Advances for Frequent or Urgent Urination?
Clinical Study on the Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia by Embolization of Prostate Artery Based on Embosphere Microspheres and Gelatin Sponge Granules.
Two-year anatomical and functional outcomes of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy using light-weight Y shaped mesh for post hysterectomy vaginal prolapse.
Tired of the same old research?
Check Latest Advances
Mirabegron Reduces Urinary Frequency and Improves Overactive Bladder Symptoms at 3 Months After 125I-brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer: An Open-Labeled, Randomized, Non-Placebo-Controlled Study.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : April 26, 2020
Published By : Kelly L. Stratton, MD, FACS, Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Conway B, Phelan PJ, Stewart GD. Nephrology and urology. In: Ralston SH, Penman ID, Strachan MWJ, Hobson RP, eds. Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 15.

Rane A, Kulkarni M, Iyer J. Prolapse and disorders of the urinary tract. In: Symonds I, Arulkumaran S, eds. Essential Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 21.

Reynolds WS, Cohn JA. Overactive bladder. In: Partin AW, Dmochowski RR, Kavoussi LR, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 117.