Learn About Fucosidosis

What is the definition of Fucosidosis?

Fucosidosis is a condition that affects many areas of the body, especially the brain. Affected individuals have intellectual disability that worsens with age, and many develop dementia later in life. People with this condition often have delayed development of motor skills such as walking; the skills they do acquire deteriorate over time. Additional signs and symptoms of fucosidosis include impaired growth; abnormal bone development (dysostosis multiplex); seizures; abnormal muscle stiffness (spasticity); clusters of enlarged blood vessels forming small, dark red spots on the skin (angiokeratomas); distinctive facial features that are often described as "coarse"; recurrent respiratory infections; and abnormally large abdominal organs (visceromegaly).

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What are the causes of Fucosidosis?

Mutations in the FUCA1 gene cause fucosidosis. The FUCA1 gene provides instructions for making an enzyme called alpha-L-fucosidase. This enzyme plays a role in the breakdown of complexes of sugar molecules (oligosaccharides) attached to certain proteins (glycoproteins) and fats (glycolipids). Alpha-L-fucosidase is responsible for cutting (cleaving) off a sugar molecule called fucose toward the end of the breakdown process.

How prevalent is Fucosidosis?

Fucosidosis is a rare condition; approximately 100 cases have been reported worldwide. This condition appears to be most prevalent in Italy, Cuba, and the southwestern United States.

Is Fucosidosis an inherited disorder?

This condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations. The parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive condition each carry one copy of the mutated gene, but they typically do not show signs and symptoms of the condition.

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What are the latest Fucosidosis Clinical Trials?
MT2013-31: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Inherited Metabolic Disorders and Severe Osteopetrosis Following Conditioning With Busulfan (Therapeutic Drug Monitoring), Fludarabine +/- ATG
Summary: This single-institution, phase II study is designed to test the ability to achieve donor hematopoietic engraftment while maintaining low rates of transplant-related mortality (TRM) using busulfan- and fludarabine-based conditioning regimens with busulfan therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for patients with various inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) and severe osteopetrosis (OP).
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A Single-Arm Study to Assess the Safety of Transplantation With Human Placental-Derived Stem-Cells Combined With Unrelated and Related Cord Blood in Subjects With Certain Malignant Hematologic Diseases and Non-Malignant Disorders
Summary: The purpose of this clinical trial is to investigate the safety of human placental-derived stem cells (HPDSC) given in conjunction with umbilical cord blood (UCB) stem cells in patients with various malignant or nonmalignant disorders who require a stem cell transplant. Patients will get either full dose (high-intensity) or lower dose (low intensity) chemo- and immunotherapy followed by a stem cel...
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: December 01, 2008Published By: National Institutes of Health

What are the Latest Advances for Fucosidosis?
A new UHPLC-MS/MS method for the screening of urinary oligosaccharides expands the detection of storage disorders.
Summary: A new UHPLC-MS/MS method for the screening of urinary oligosaccharides expands the detection of storage disorders.
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