What is the definition of Ganglion Cyst?
Ganglion cysts are benign (non-cancerous) round or oval lumps filled with a gelatinous fluid that develop in the synovium along the tendons or joints of the wrists and hands. Ganglion cysts can range from the size of a pea to 2.5 centimeters in diameter and can also occur on the ankles, knees, or feet.
What are the symptoms for Ganglion Cyst?
The symptoms of ganglion cysts depend on their location, shape, and size. The size of a ganglion cyst may fluctuate with joint movement. Ganglion cysts can be painful if they press on a nerve and may also affect joint movement. Additional symptoms may include tingling, numbness, muscle weakness, and an unsatisfactory cosmetic appearance.
What are the current treatments for Ganglion Cyst?
Ganglion cysts may resolve on their own or require treatment. The treatment for a ganglion cyst depends on its size and whether it is causing pain or affecting joint movement. If there are no symptoms, no treatment may be needed. If the ganglion cyst is causing symptoms, then it may be treated conservatively with immobilization using a brace or splint to shrink the cyst or aspiration using a needed to drain fluid from the cyst. Surgical excision is usually the preferred treatment for symptomatic ganglion cysts because the cysts may otherwise recur.