Learn About Gingivostomatitis

What is the definition of Gingivostomatitis?

Gingivostomatitis is an infection of the mouth and gums that leads to swelling and sores. It may be due to a virus or bacteria.

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What are the causes of Gingivostomatitis?

Gingivostomatitis is common among children. It may occur after infection with the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), which also causes cold sores.

The condition may also occur after infection with a coxsackie virus.

It may occur in people with poor oral hygiene.

What are the symptoms of Gingivostomatitis?

The symptoms can be mild or severe and may include:

  • Bad breath
  • Fever
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise)
  • Sores on the inside of the cheeks or gums
  • Very sore mouth with no desire to eat
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What are the current treatments for Gingivostomatitis?

The goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms.

Things you can do at home include:

  • Practice good oral hygiene. Brush your gums well to reduce the risk of getting another infection.
  • Use mouth rinses that reduce pain if your provider recommends them.
  • Rinse your mouth with salt water (one-half teaspoon or 3 grams of salt in 1 cup or 240 milliliters of water) or mouthwashes with hydrogen peroxide or Xylocaine to ease discomfort.
  • Eat a healthy diet. Soft, bland (non-spicy) foods may reduce discomfort during eating.

You may need to take antibiotics.

You may need to have the infected tissue removed by the dentist (called debridement).

Who are the top Gingivostomatitis Local Doctors?
Highly rated in

Oral Oncology

London, GB 

Crispian Scully is in London, United Kingdom. Scully is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Gingivostomatitis. They are also highly rated in 32 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Herpetic Stomatitis, Mouth Ulcers, Mouth Sores, and Canker Sore.

Highly rated in

University Of Melbourne

Melbourne, VIC, AU 

Sandy Hopper is in Melbourne, Australia. Hopper is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Gingivostomatitis. She is also highly rated in 8 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Urinary Tract Infection in Children, Herpetic Stomatitis, Periorbital Cellulitis, and Gingivostomatitis.

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Highly rated in

University Hospital Center Sestre Milosrdnice

School Of Dental Medicine 
Zagreb, HR 10000

Liborija Mihic-Lugovic is in Zagreb, Croatia. Mihic-Lugovic is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Gingivostomatitis. They are also highly rated in 7 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Perioral Dermatitis, Gingivostomatitis, Burning Mouth Syndrome, and Contact Dermatitis.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Gingivostomatitis?

Gingivostomatitis infections range from mild to severe and painful. The sores often get better in 2 or 3 weeks with or without treatment. Treatment may reduce discomfort and speed healing.

What are the possible complications of Gingivostomatitis?

Gingivostomatitis may disguise other, more serious mouth ulcers.

When should I contact a medical professional for Gingivostomatitis?

Call your provider if:

  • You have mouth sores and fever or other signs of illness
  • Mouth sores get worse or do not respond to treatment within 3 weeks
  • You develop swelling in the mouth
What are the latest Gingivostomatitis Clinical Trials?
A Randomized, Efficacy Assessor-Blinded, Study to Assess Preliminary Efficacy and Safety of EDTA Eye Drops v. an Active Comparator in the Suppression of Herpes Simplex Virus Eruptions in Subjects With a History of Herpes Labialis
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Should We Use Oral Valacyclovir in Acute Herpetic Gingivostomatitis in Children? A Randomized Controlled Trial
What are the Latest Advances for Gingivostomatitis?
Honey can help in herpes simplex gingivostomatitis in children: Prospective randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical trial.
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Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: February 01, 2021
Published By: Josef Shargorodsky, MD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Brice SL. Viral diseases of the skin. In: Kellerman RD, Rakel DP, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2021. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier 2021:1088-1093.

Christian JM, Felts CB, Beckmann NA, Gillespie MB. Deep neck and odontogenic infections. In: Flint PW, Francis HW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 9.

Romero JR. Coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and numbered enteroviruses (EV-A71, EV-D68, EVD-70). In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 172.

Shaw J. Infections of the oral cavity. In: Long SS, Prober CG, Fischer M, eds. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 25.

Whitley RJ, Gnann JW. Herpes simplex virus infections. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 350.