Treatment for a glioma depends on several factors based on the type, size, and location of the tumor. Most treatment plans are designed based on an individual patient's unique situation.
In general, treatment for glioma may include surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy.
Surgery to remove the tumor is generally the first step in treating glioma. Depending on the tumor's location, surgery may be able to entirely remove smaller gliomas. However, if a tumor is located near a sensitive area in the brain, surgery may not be possible at all.
Radiation therapy often follows surgery for the treatment of glioma. Radiation therapy involves the use of high-energy beams, including X-rays or protons, to destroy tumor cells.
Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs, either taken orally or injected through a vein, to kill tumor cells. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with radiation therapy.