Learn About Hemangioma

What is the definition of Hemangioma?

A hemangioma is an abnormal buildup of blood vessels in the skin or internal organs.

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What are the alternative names for Hemangioma?

Infantile hemangioma; Cavernous hemangioma; Strawberry nevus; Birthmark - hemangioma

What are the causes of Hemangioma?

About one third of hemangiomas are present at birth. The rest appear in the first several months of life.

The hemangioma may be:

  • In the top skin layers (capillary hemangioma)
  • Deeper in the skin (cavernous hemangioma)
  • A mixture of both
What are the symptoms of Hemangioma?

Symptoms of a hemangioma are:

  • A red to reddish-purple, raised growth on the skin
  • A massive, raised, bluish tumor with visible blood vessels

Most hemangiomas are on the head, neck, or extremities.

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What are the current treatments for Hemangioma?

The majority of small or uncomplicated hemangiomas may not need treatment. They often go away on their own and the appearance of the skin returns to normal. Sometimes, a laser may be used to remove the small blood vessels.

Taking beta-blocker medicines may also help reduce the size of a hemangioma.

Cavernous hemangiomas that involve the eyelid and block vision can be treated with lasers or steroid injections to shrink them. This allows vision to develop normally. Large cavernous hemangiomas or mixed hemangiomas may be treated with steroids, taken by mouth or injected into the hemangioma.

Who are the top Hemangioma Local Doctors?
Highly rated in

UChicago Medicine

Duchossois Center For Advanced Medicine (DCAM) - Hyde Park

5758 S Maryland Ave 
Chicago, IL 60637

Issam Awad is a Neurosurgery doctor in Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Awad has been practicing medicine for over 42 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Hemangioma. He is also highly rated in 9 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Cerebral Cavernous Malformation, Hemangioma, Stroke, and Brain Aneurysm. He is licensed to treat patients in Illinois. Dr. Awad is currently accepting new patients.

Highly rated in

University Neurosurgery

Turku, FI 

Janne Koskimaki is in Turku, Finland. Koskimaki is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Hemangioma. She is also highly rated in 3 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Cerebral Cavernous Malformation, Hemangioma, Stroke, and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.

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Highly rated in

Division Of Oncology

Department Of Pediatric Surgery, West China Hospital Of Sichuan University 
Chengdu, CN 

Yi Ji is in Chengdu, China. Ji is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Hemangioma. They are also highly rated in 21 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Hemangioma Thrombocytopenia Syndrome, Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma, Hemangioendothelioma, and Hemangioma.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Hemangioma?

Small superficial hemangiomas will often disappear on their own. About one half go away by age 5, and almost all disappear by age 7.

What are the possible complications of Hemangioma?

These complications can occur from a hemangioma:

  • Bleeding (especially if the hemangioma is injured)
  • Problems with breathing and eating
  • Psychological problems, from skin appearance
  • Secondary infections and sores
  • Visible changes in the skin
  • Vision problems
When should I contact a medical professional for Hemangioma?

All birthmarks, including hemangiomas, should be evaluated by your provider during a regular exam.

Hemangiomas of the eyelid that may cause problems with vision must be treated soon after birth. Hemangiomas that interfere with eating or breathing also need to be treated early.

Call your provider if a hemangioma is bleeding or develops a sore.

How do I prevent Hemangioma?

There is no known way to prevent hemangiomas.

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What are the latest Hemangioma Clinical Trials?
Outcome and Prognostic Factors of Surgical Management of Scalp Arteriovenous Malformations
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Clinical Characteristics of Infantile Hemangioma: a Prospective Study
What are the Latest Advances for Hemangioma?
Multiple spinal intramedullary cavernous angiomas with bleeding episode mimicking an intramedullary tumor.
Two-step treatment of a giant skull vault hemangioma: A rare case report and literature review.
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Efficacy and safety of propranolol cream in infantile hemangioma: A prospective pilot study.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : November 04, 2020
Published By : Elika Hoss, MD, Senior Associate Consultant, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Dinulos JGH. Vascular tumors and malformations. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 23.

Martin KL. Vascular disorders. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 669.

Patterson JW. Vascular tumors. In: Patterson JW, ed. Weedon's Skin Pathology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Limited; 2021:chap 39.