Herpangina is a viral illness that involves ulcers and sores (lesions) inside the mouth, a sore throat, and fever.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a related topic.
Herpangina is a common childhood infection. It is most often seen in children ages 3 to 10, but it can occur in any age group.
It is most often caused by Coxsackie group A viruses. These viruses are contagious. Your child is at risk for herpangina if someone at school or home has the illness.
Symptoms may include:
The ulcers most often have a white to whitish-gray base and a red border. They may be very painful. In most cases, there are only a few sores.
The symptoms are treated as necessary:
The illness normally clears up within a week.
Dehydration is the most common complication, but it can be treated by your provider.
Call your provider if:
Good handwashing can help prevent the spread of the viruses that lead to this infection.
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Messacar K, Abzug MJ. Nonpolio enteroviruses. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 277.
Romero JR. Coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and numbered enteroviruses (EV-A71, EVD-68, EVD-70). In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 172.
There are no recent clinical trials available for this condition. Please check back because new trials are being conducted frequently.