Learn About High Arch

What is the definition of High Arch?

High arch is an arch that is raised more than normal. The arch runs from the toes to the heel on the bottom of the foot. It is also called pes cavus.

High arch is the opposite of flat feet.

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What are the alternative names for High Arch?

Pes cavus; High foot arch

What are the causes of High Arch?

High foot arches are much less common than flat feet. They are more likely to be caused by a bone (orthopedic) or nerve (neurological) condition.

Unlike flat feet, highly arched feet tend to be painful. This is so because more stress is placed on the section of the foot between the ankle and toes (metatarsals). This condition can make it difficult to fit into shoes. People who have high arches most often need foot support. A high arch may cause disability.

What are the symptoms of High Arch?

Symptoms include:

  • Shortened foot length
  • Difficulty fitting shoes
  • Foot pain with walking, standing, and running (not everyone has this symptom)
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What are the current treatments for High Arch?

High arches, particularly ones that are flexible or well cared for, may not need any treatment.

Corrective shoes may help relieve pain and improve walking. This includes changes to the shoes, such as an arch insert and a support insole.

Surgery to flatten the foot is sometimes needed in severe cases. Any nerve problems that exist must be treated and monitored by specialists.

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What is the outlook (prognosis) for High Arch?

The outlook depends on the condition causing high arches. In mild cases, wearing proper shoes and arch supports may provide relief.

What are the possible complications of High Arch?

Complications may include:

  • Chronic pain
  • Difficulty walking
When should I contact a medical professional for High Arch?

Call your provider if you think you have foot pain related to high arches.

How do I prevent High Arch?

People with highly arched feet should be checked for nerve and bone conditions. Finding these other conditions may help prevent or reduce arch problems.

What are the latest High Arch Clinical Trials?
Validation of Plantar Orthoses for Abnormal Plantar Arch Using a New Non-invasive Clinical Imaging System

Summary: The goal of this project is to validate a new non-invasive clinical imaging system to evaluate the efficacy of plantar orthotics and to assess the biomechanical efficiency of plantar orthotics for people with flat or high arch feet. The Cryovizion system should detect changes in participants' posture with an accuracy of 95%, while orthotics should improve the body's postural symmetry index.

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Effectiveness of Specifically Optimized Off-the-counter Foot Orthosis for the Management of Mechanical Foot Pains in the Subtle Cavus Foot Type: A Pilot-controlled Study

Summary: As off-the-counter foot orthoses are readily available and have an economic advantage, they are increasingly being used by healthcare professionals to treat mechanical foot pains in place of custom foot orthosis. However, there is a lack of available evidence to determine if a plain off-the-counter foot orthosis that aims to contours to the foot or a specifically optimized off-the-counter foot ort...

What are the Latest Advances for High Arch?
Joint preserving procedures for painful plantar callosities in patients with flexible cavovarus foot.
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Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: November 12, 2020
Published By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Deeney VF, Arnold J. Orthopedics. In: Zitelli BJ, McIntire SC, Nowalk AJ, eds. Zitelli and Davis' Atlas of Pediatric Physical Diagnosis. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 22.

Grear BJ. Neurogenic disorders. In: Azar FM, Beaty JH, eds. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 87.

Winell JJ, Davidson RS. The foot and toes. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 694.