Learn About Hypermobile Joints

What is the definition of Hypermobile Joints?

Hypermobile joints are joints that move beyond the normal range with little effort. Joints most commonly affected are the elbows, wrists, fingers, and knees.

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What are the alternative names for Hypermobile Joints?

Joint hypermobility; Loose joints; Hypermobility syndrome

What is some background information about Hypermobile Joints?

Children's joints are often more flexible than adults' joints. But children with hypermobile joints can flex and extend their joints beyond what is considered normal. The movement is done without too much force and without discomfort.

Thick bands of tissue called ligaments help hold joints together and keep them from moving too much or too far. In children with hypermobility syndrome, those ligaments are loose or weak. This may lead to:

  • Arthritis, which may develop over time
  • Dislocated joints, which is a separation of two bones where they meet at a joint
  • Sprains and strains

Children with hypermobile joints also often have flat feet.

What are the causes of Hypermobile Joints?

Hypermobile joints often occur in otherwise healthy and normal children. This is called benign hypermobility syndrome.

Rare medical conditions associated with hypermobile joints include:

  • Cleidocranial dysostosis (abnormal development of bones in the skull and clavicle)
  • Down syndrome (genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46)
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (group of inherited disorders marked by extremely loose joints)
  • Marfan syndrome (connective tissue disorder)
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type IV (disorder in which body is missing or doesn't have enough of a substance needed to break down long chains of sugar molecules)
How do I perform a home exam for a Hypermobile Joints?

There is no specific care for this condition. People with hypermobile joints have an increased risk for joint dislocation and other problems.

Extra care may be needed to protect the joints. Ask your health care provider for recommendations.

When should I contact a medical professional for Hypermobile Joints?

Call your provider if:

  • A joint suddenly appears misshapen
  • An arm or leg suddenly does not move properly
  • Pain occurs when moving a joint
  • The ability to move a joint suddenly changes or decreases
What should I expect during a doctor appointment?

Hypermobile joints often occur with other symptoms that, taken together, define a specific syndrome or condition. A diagnosis is based on a family history, medical history, and a complete physical exam. The exam includes a close look at your muscles and bones.

The provider will ask about the symptoms, including:

  • When did you first notice the problem?
  • Is it getting worse or more noticeable?
  • Are there other symptoms, such as swelling or redness around the joint?
  • Is there any history of joint dislocation, difficulty walking, or difficulty using the arms?

Further tests may be done.

Hypermobile joints
Who are the top Hypermobile Joints Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
4
conditions
Orthopedics
Sports Medicine

The Steadman Clinic - Vail, CO

180 S Frontage Rd 
Vail, CO 81657

Matthew Provencher is an Orthopedics specialist and a Sports Medicine doctor in Vail, Colorado. Dr. Provencher has been practicing medicine for over 24 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Hypermobile Joints. He is also highly rated in 4 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Hypermobile Joints, Tendinitis, Osteoarthritis, and Axillary Nerve Dysfunction. He is licensed to treat patients in Colorado and Massachusetts. Dr. Provencher is currently accepting new patients.

Elite
Highly rated in
8
conditions

IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli

Ii Clinica 
Bologna, IT 

Stefano Zaffagnini is in Bologna, Italy. Zaffagnini is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Hypermobile Joints. He is also highly rated in 8 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Hypermobile Joints, Osteoarthritis, Arthritis, and Osteochondritis Dissecans.

 
 
 
 
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Learn more
Elite
Highly rated in
3
conditions
Orthopedics
Sports Medicine

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

UPMC Rooney Sports Complex

3200 S Water St 
Pittsburgh, PA 15203

Volker Musahl is an Orthopedics specialist and a Sports Medicine doctor in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Musahl has been practicing medicine for over 24 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Hypermobile Joints. He is also highly rated in 3 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Hypermobile Joints, Tendinitis, Osteoarthritis, and Arthritis. He is licensed to treat patients in Pennsylvania and New York. Dr. Musahl is currently accepting new patients.

What are the latest Hypermobile Joints Clinical Trials?
The Impact of Real-World Vibration Feedback Gait Retraining on Gait Biomechanics in People With Chronic Ankle Instability
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The Effect of Joint Hypermobility Syndrome on Delayed Onset of Muscle Soreness and Recovery Time
What are the Latest Advances for Hypermobile Joints?
Does anterolateral ligament internal bracing improve the outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in patients with generalized joint hypermobility?
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with lateral extra-articular tenodesis reduces knee rotation laxity and graft failure rate: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Tired of the same old research?
Check Latest Advances
Effect of Minimally Invasive Spine Stabilization in Metastatic Spinal Tumors.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : October 02, 2020
Published By : Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW. Musculoskeletal system. In: Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW, eds. Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination. 9th ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier; 2019:chap 22.

Clinch J, Rogers V. Hypermobility syndrome. In: Hochberg MC, Gravallese EM, Silman AJ, Smolen JS, Weinblatt ME, Weisman MH, eds. Rheumatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 216.