Intraductal papilloma is a small, noncancerous (benign) tumor that grows in a milk duct of the breast.
Intraductal papilloma occurs most often in women ages 35 to 55. The causes and risk factors are unknown.
These findings may be in just one breast or in both breasts.
For the most part, these papillomas do not cause pain.
If there is nipple discharge, the duct is removed with surgery if imaging did not show a lump that can be checked with a needle biopsy. If a needle biopsy shows an intraductal papilloma, the papilloma may be removed with surgery, or watched over time with exams and imaging.
For the most part, intraductal papillomas do not appear to increase the risk of developing breast cancer.
The outcome is excellent for people with one papilloma. The risk for cancer may be higher for:
Complications of surgery can include bleeding, infection, scarring, and anesthesia risks. If the biopsy shows cancer, you may need further surgery and treatment.
Call your provider if you notice any breast discharge or a breast lump.
There is no known way to prevent intraductal papilloma. Breast self-exams and screening mammograms can help detect the disease early.
Published Date: November 06, 2021
Published By: Debra G. Wechter, MD, FACS, General Surgery Practice Specializing in Breast Cancer, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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